This sample will let you know about:
- Discuss about the aspects of strategies of public health.
- Explain about differences between two Regions for Current and Future Well Being.
Public health is basically the art as well as science of improving and protecting health of the people and entire community at large. In short, public health relates to changing the health behaviour of people and improving their lifestyle. The main aim of this report is to study various aspects related to public health along with prevalence of various diseases and devise the various actions which could be taken for ensuring well-being of people.
This report gives a brief overview of aspects of strategies of public health, emergence of public health policy in UK, comparison of health as well as being within regional population, reasons for differences, actions for mitigating differences and methods for preventing diseases.
Aspects of strategies of public health
Public health mainly aims to promote the health of diverse population and hence protect the health as well as being of the entire community. There are generally various aspects of the public health strategies namely
Recognizing health needs - This is one of the most important strategy of public health where the main objective is to recognize the trends as well as patterns among wide population with the help of statistics. Identifying health needs of people are highly essential and forms the integral part of the public health (Baum, 2016). Through analysing the health needs, healthcare professionals are able to make an effective decisions like which medication to produce, what diagnosis is required etc. On the while, by assessing the health needs of entire population organizations are able to loo at mortality as well as morbidity rates which are currently prevailing in the country and thus helps the organizations and government to take effective actions. Need Example assignment? Talk to our Experts!
Controlling the communicable diseases - Communicable diseases mainly spread from person to person through virus, bacteria etc. Thus, controlling wide range of communicable diseases is one of the most important strategy of public health. Various communicable diseases like Measles, Rubella are the most highly prevalent diseases which requires an immediate control. Thus, this is the another important aspect of public health strategy where the main aim to eliminate or mitigate the outbreak of communicable diseases to high extent (Brownson and et.al.,2017).
Promoting health - The most well-known as well as remarkable strategy of public health is promoting health of entire population through the use of various campaigns, seminars and educating people. Te major aspect of this strategy is to educate people and raise awareness among them for changing their health behaviour and making them understand the importance of leading healthier life. In this strategy, people are educated regarding different implications of the health and the healthier lifestyle is promoted (Gostin and Wiley, 2016).
Emergence of public health policy in UK
Poor law amendment 1834
In order to promote the health of poor people, this act was established which addressed that if poor requires food, shelter, resources, clothes then they would have to work in workhouse. Popel would have to overcome their bad conditions of living as well as minimum meals. This policy was being established with the main aim to support the poor in UK and thus helped to raise awareness among them regarding the implications of the poor health (Merai and et.al.,2016).
1848 Public health act
This act was mainly amended by Edwin Chadwick wherein helping the poor to lead a healthier life and providing them better jobs were given importance. This act in 1848 changed the condition of sewers and thus made an improvement within them for ensuring that there is no waste lying on streets. This eventually prevented diseases and provided people with safe drinking water (Baum, 2016).
This growing prevalence of health issues among people of UK compelled government to take major steps and since then, national government along with federal and state government established large number of policies and thus transformed the 21st century
Smoking free policy
In the year 2016, UK government came up with the new policy in order to put a ban on tobacco producing companies. In the year 2016, a ban on the smoking was one of the major amendment being made by the government and thus the major initiative taken for the public health of people. Within this policy, government decided to put a heavy fine and charge on the companies importing or exporting tobacco and increased the taxes on tobacco. This eventually decreased the outbreak of major diseases like lung caner, heart problems in UK (Brownson and et.al.,2017).
Comparison of health as well as being within regional population
The health and well-being data in the community of greater Manchester has been highly imperative from past few years and the health of people in this population has improved to a great rate. In the year 2018, the average rate of people in this population suffering from anxiety including youth and adults has decreased from around 2.53 to more than 2.32. Besides this, the average life expectancy as well as satisfaction has improved to around 3.4% in this community along with a great improvement in other population associated with greater Manchester to more than 4.6%. Along with this, the mortality rate of people within this population has declined from around 45.3% to more than 23.7% and there has been a great increase among people regarding the awareness for different diseases. The average ratings of happiness among people of Great Manchester raised from 7.52 to nearly 7.56 according to the report of 2018. Besides this, as per the report of WHO around 82.1% people reported their health as either excellent or very good making this community as a healthy population where most of the people merely suffers from health diseases (Gostin and Wiley, 2016).Besides this, the rate of depression in this community has reduced from around 43.7% to more than 23.5% in the year 2019. In the year 2018, only around 0.5 million people were reported to be under anxiety in comparison to 2017 where this number was nearly 10.6 million.
Westmidlands population has been the widely known community where majority of people are facing various health related diseases and the major cause behind this is living of these people in unhygienic conditions and within unprivileged areas. The life expectancy in this community has decreased from past few years to more than 32.5% and inequalities has dominated among people of this population against each other and other community to high extent. More than 40000 cases of drug abuse are being reported in people of this population every day and this figure mostly contains youth between age group 15 to 23. The health issues relating to heart ad lung problems has increased from 34.6% to more than 65.7% with a great rise in percentage of depression among people. According to the report of 2019, more than 70000 people in this community suffer from mental illness every day among which around 60000 people die due to lack of proper treatment and facilities (Merai and et.al.,2016). Along with this, the data and statistics which were reported in 2018, people in this population suffering from anxiety has increased from around 34.6% to more than 67.5% among which most are adolescents and young people.
Reasons for the Differences Between Two Regions for Current and Future Well Being
According to the above information it can be said that the main reason of difference between England and Wales for the current and future health and well being are related to the health care facilities that are provided by the government in local health care and social care organizations. These challenges and differences that are faced by people in Wales just because of lack of facilities and resources in health care facilities. In England the standards of health care services is much better than the Wales. This better resources and facilities provided by government and health care organization provide better opportunities to the organization to live healthy and better life style (Holland, Mossialos and Merkel, 2018). In Wales lack resources and facilities are responsible for poor current and future health conditions. Some of the main factor that can affect these health standards in Wales and England are Political Instability, Poor Planning and environmental conditions. These are major factors that can affect health and well being