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Psychology of Personalities

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  • Unit No: 18
  • Level: High school
  • Pages: 14 / Words 3613
  • Paper Type: Assignment
  • Course Code: N/A
  • Downloads: 271
Question :

This sample will let you know about:

  • Discuss about the basic understanding about psychology of personalities
  • Discuss about how to evaluate the relationships between the Huge Two meta-traits of personality and creative self-concept
  • Discuss about how to examine the relationships between the Huge Two meta-traits and convergent as well as divergent cognitive abilities
Answer :
Organization Selected : N/A

INTRODUCTION

Personality refers to a set of dynamic properties possessed by individuals which certainly affects their emotions, behaviour, potential actions, cognition as well as motivation. Personality psychology have been related to a branch of psychology that majorly focus on examining personalities and its variation among different individuals. This scientific study comprises of evaluating the details which actually make people different from each other, further it denotes all psychological forces which make such difference (Del Giudice, Gangestad and Kaplan, 2016). The various domain which are included are building of rational picture of people and their associated psychological processes, it also lays emphasis on individuals nature as well as the familiarity which they show with each other. Many theories and personality traits are being involved in studying such variations and similarities.

Background

The report will define relationship among huge meta trait personalities with creative self concept. The study will focus on convergent and divergent cognitive abilities and will show how they are potentially linked with the Huge Two meta-traits. The research will include some hypothesis on the basis of which discussion will be connected. The methodology will elaborate the techniques which are being utilised in sampling and concluding the results.

Aim: "To determine the huge two meta trait of personality and their relation with creative self-concept and cognitive abilities."

Hypothesis 1:

  • Null hypothesis: μ = There is actual basic understanding about psychology of personalities.
  • Alternative hypothesis: μ ≠ There is actual basic understanding about psychology of personalities.

Hypothesis 2:

  • Null hypothesis: μ = The relationships exist between the Huge Two meta-traits of personality and creative self-concept.
  • Alternative hypothesis: μ ≠ The relationships exist between the Huge Two meta-traits of personality and creative self-concept.

Hypothesis 3:

  • Null hypothesis: μ = There is effective relationships between the Huge Two meta-traits and convergent as well as divergent cognitive abilities.
  • Alternative hypothesis: μ ≠ There is effective relationships between the Huge Two meta-traits and convergent as well as divergent cognitive abilities.

Rationale

The study of personalities psychology are necessary because it possibly assist in evaluating the basis of personality which may range in different individuals. Behaviourist, cognitive, biological, humanistic and psychodynamic are some theories which have been utilised for such evaluation. This research will discuss The big five personality traits which aids in understanding others which eventually help in building a healthy relationship by monitoring why a certain person is behaving in a particular way. Such theory or an approach can even be employed in understanding about their own behaviour, due to which people can get along with other more appropriately than ever before.Want to get Assignment Writing Service UK talk to our Experts.

The basic understanding about psychology of personalities

The basic personality traits of individuals are made up of wide range of dispositions which together make up the personality. The chief component of personality are being determined based on number of traits. The big five theory is one of the most selected approach for studying theory of personality. This method is commonly comprises of five broad dimension of personalities like, agreeableness, extroversion, openness, neuroticism and conscientiousness. All such factors may varied among two different extremes, where almost every individual lie some what at the middle of each attributes. Each and every kind of such trait are widely explained and they are considered to be such attributes where the personality of a person lies. The motivation can be critically unlocked by using such method which not only regulates the actions of human beings but also improves the connection among people (McMartin, 2016). The basic understanding about how does the personality can be altered during individuals life course explained by Freud's theory which is also a well known psychosexual developmental personality theory. This method evaluates how the an infant go through a number of stages which actually affects the development or maturation of personality.

The relationships between the Huge Two meta-traits of personality and creative self-concept

The personality trait of big five comprises of openness which focus on imagination as well as insight of a particular person. People who found to excel in this trait are highly creative and adventurous, while people struggle with logical thinking if they are low in such trait. Conscientiousness covers the thoughtfulness and goal centric actions which has to be organized with minute details, such trait help in attaining essential task. Extroversion traits includes sociability or assertiveness which makes a person outgoing and excited, people with low extraversion are less energised. Agreeableness involves factors like kindness, trust or affection which make people more cooperative. Neuroticism on other hand characterised by emotional state, people with high neuroticism have more mood swings than those who tends to have higher stability (Ratner, 2019). Two meta traits of personality are plasticityShort Scale of Creative SelfAlternate Utility Task Remote Associates Task and stability. Three traits which are agreeableness, neuroticism and conscientiousness are collectively utilised in measuring stability. The more higher such factors are, the person's capability to maintain emotional stability and motivation is higher. Whereas, openness and extroversion are some variable whose combination are known as plasticity. If an individual is higher in plasticity, more will be the probability that they will be highly adventurous and energised. All such factors collectively forms the concept of self, where people acquire their basic personality trait.

The relationships between the Huge Two meta-traits and convergent as well as divergent cognitive abilities

The plasticity and stability meta trait of personality have a strong relationship between various cognitive abilities. The process of finding a relevant solution for any issue are said to be high in convergent thinking. People who can find more than one solution for a single problem have high divergent thinking (Colman, 2016). They have the capability to create innovative ideas which make highly flexible in thought processing. The child who excel in intellectual studies are probably high in meta trait and are considered as creatively gifted child. On the other hand, individual who minutely analyse over a subject and does not involves change are accurate as well as logical in meta traits have convergent cognitive abilities.Take Examples of Assignments Now!

METHODOLOGY

Type of investigation

The type of investigation which have been used in this research is quantitative investigation. Such approach helps in understanding the behaviour of participants with respect to the defined aim by utilising various statistical as well as mathematical derivations, modelling and hypothesis. The method will aid in concluding results and discussion in the form of numbers, which are based on respondents response. Mean and standard deviation were derived from subject response on the basis on which result will be concluded.

Data collection method

The source of data which have been employed in the study is primary and secondary. In primary data, the information are directly obtained from the subject through surveys, questionnaire or observation (Mackey and Gass, 2015). The questionnaire, statements and phrases are provided to the subject in this study and depending upon their response the results are concluded. While in secondary data, information are gathered from some other person through any published paper, magazines or newspapers. In this study, primary type of method has been utilised for gathering data.

Participants and demographic variables

57 participants were selected from Swinburne University. Out of 57 respondents, 17 were males and 40 were females belonging to age group of 19 to 48. each and every respondents were priorly informed about the study. After there proper consent the research were conducted and people were rated purely basis on their response.

Personality

The respondents were selected to assess stability as well as plasticity personality trait. It actually focuses on big five personality trait (McDougall, 2015). Some phrases have been presented to such subjects on the basis of which they are examined and rated from 1 to 5. Plasticity scores were summoned by the help of openness, extroversion factors while stability score was calculated with respect to neuroticism, agreeableness and conscientiousness.

Creative self concept

The Short Scale of Creative Self (SSCS) was utilised in measuring creative self concept. Participants were judged on basis of some statements. The way they reflected their self concept were recorded and score were provided ranging from 1 to 5.

Creativity task

For divergent cognitive abilities, respondents were asked to think as many uses of certain items based on Alternate Utility Task (AUT) as possible within 3 minutes. Each and every response were rated from 1 to 5. For convergent thinking abilities, subject were asked to write similar words based on Remote Associates Task (RAT) which were represented in front of them within 3 minutes. The scores were again rated on basis of their promptShort Scale of Creative SelfAlternate Utility Task Remote Associates Taskness.Worried for Philosophy Essay Help? Get our experts Help Now!

RESULT

From 57 participants, response were generated on basis of various test and then the records were set up to further investigate the study's aim. The table of responses have been generated on the basis of which further conclusion and discussion will be dependent upon. On the basis of mean and standard deviation the results are calculated and graphs are made to authenticate the study. The standard deviation has a relationship with variance. More the standard deviation will be less will be the variance. Less the standard deviation will be more will b the variance On such basis the results are concluded and it suggest that personality trait like plasticity, stability, creative self concept and creativity task will be evaluated.

Variable 1: Age

Statistics

 

Age

 

N

Valid

57

Missing

0

Mean

24.35

Std. Deviation

6.749

       

The standard deviation of age is 6.749 and the mean of age is 24.35 which suggest that people were majority of age 24.

Variable 2: Sex

Statistics

 

Sex

 

N

Valid

57

Missing

0

Mean

1.30

Std. Deviation

.462

       

The standard deviation of sex is 0.462 and the mean of sex is 1.30.

Variable 3: RAT

Statistics

 

RAT Proportion

 

N

Valid

57

Missing

0

Mean

.1246

Std. Deviation

.08943

       

The standard deviation of RAT 0.08943 and the mean of RAT is 0.1246 which indicate that high number of people were found to be more indulge in convergent cognitive abilities and their thinking power in more convergent like which can help them making relevant and accurate solution.

Variable 4: AUT

Statistics

 

AUT Score

 

N

Valid

57

Missing

0

Mean

1.8879

Std. Deviation

.35348

       

The standard deviation of AUT is 0.35348 and the mean of AUT is 1.8879 which propose that some people were observed to be high in divergent thinking. They have huge capacity of divergent cognitive abilities which can make them such individual who can provide multiple solution to a single topic.

Variable 5: Stability

Statistics

 

Stability=Neurotcism (Reversed) + Conscientiousness + Agreeableness

 

N

Valid

57

Missing

0

Mean

249.75

Std. Deviation

25.927

       

The standard deviation of stability is 25.927 and the mean of stability is 249.75 which reflects that low number of individual have stability personality trait. The people belonging to such category have low neuroticism , agreeableness and conscientiousness which make them highly emotionally unstable and unsocial.

Variable 6: Plasticity

Statistics

 

Plasticity=Openness + Extroversion

 

N

Valid

57

Missing

0

Mean

167.61

Std. Deviation

18.771

       

The standard deviation of plasticity is 18.771 and the mean of plasticity is 167.61 which proves that considerably low number of people have plasticity trait which among such participants. These individuals are low in openness and extroversion thus they are highly shy and not adventurous.

Variable 7: SSCS

Statistics

 

Creative self-concept score

 

N

Valid

57

Missing

0

Mean

3.6332

Std. Deviation

.70081

       

The standard deviation of SSCS is 0.70081 and the mean of SSCS is 3.6332 which reviews that not much people wee found to have creative self concept.

DISCUSSION

The main aim of this study is to determine the huge two meta trait of personality and their relation with creative self-concept and cognitive abilities. In particular various studies have conducted to evaluate what relationship exist among personality traits and self concept as well as abilities related to cognitive. Two meta traits that is, plasticity and stability are focussed in entire report which have the ability to alter and shape cognitive abilities and creative self concept. For assessing plasticity, two main traits are considered which are openness and extraversion. Mean and standard deviation are calculated on basis of responses generated by number of respondents. The standard deviation of age, sex, RAT, AUT, stability, plasticity and SSCS are 6.749, 0.462, 0.08943, 0.35348, 25.927, 18.771, 0.70081 respectively. The mean of age, sex, RAT, AUT, stability, plasticity and SSCS are 24.35, 1.30, 0.1246, 1.8879, 249.75, 167.61, 3.6332 respectively. The standard deviation of plasticity is 18.771 which is more that 1, which means that variance is low which reflects that only few number of people were shown openness and extroversion quality. Such practice indicate that less people were social and are not curious to explore new things in their life. The standard deviation of stability is 25.927 which is also higher than 1, such expression indicates that participants were low in agreeableness, conscientiousness and neuroticism. This reflects that subjects were not that much adventurous, they does not care about other feelings that much and they are emotionally not stable. Short Scale of Creative Self test was utilised while determining the creative self concept of participants. After conducting such test, standard deviation was calculated which was 0.70081. It states that individuals have high creative self concept which make them highly innovative and creative in their field and make them capable to solve issues more creatively. For divergent cognitive abilities, Alternate Utility Task are used to judge whether the participants were using more than one solution to solve the issues within 3 minutes. The standard deviation of such trait is 0.35348 which is less that 1, it further indicates that variance is high, large number of subjects were high in divergent cognitive abilities and was able to give large number of solution over a single topic. Such individuals are tends to have creative mind and can manage to solve task in most innovative way.

For convergent cognitive abilities, Remote Associates Task were utilised which assisted in finding out what number of individuals are high in such abilities. The standard deviation of RAT is 0.08943 which is again less than 1 and it has high variance. It states that high number of people were found to be good at convergent thinking and they can only give a solution to a issue which is highly logical and accurate. They can not create much innovation and only rely on a single solution. Both male and females were participants of such study belonging to age group of 19 to 48. The mean age was 24 and largely females were participated. The hypothesis was supported and it defines a clear relationship between huge meta traits with concept of self and cognitive abilities. The result were consistent with other findings and it was found that people were higher with cognitive abilities and had good sense of self concept as was demonstrated in large number of studies. The response which are generated from such participants can be applied in personality psychology. Through such responses the personality traits of individuals can be identified and further it can helps them in making high improvements to their personality. The people which were low in plasticity and stability can make certain changes to alter their personality by interacting with people and going on adventurous, emotionally stability and improvements in personality can be achieves by undergoing such test.

A limitations of study is extensive utilization of cross sectional research which make the study difficult in drawing interference and making high concreted conclusions. The data was fully self reported, no outer involvement or use of numbers were used, due to this sometime it result into misleading consequences and fails to identifies causes outcomes. Another limitation of certain research is its limited studies. The aim of such study is not that much studied and as personality is so dynamic that the results may change over a period of time. The study is not even generalized to all cultures, males and females were selected in this study irrespective of their cultural identity and background. Future result can include further addition of relationship among m,eat traits and more personality traits. Future study should more focus on methods of test for generating or testing the respondents (Kline, 2015). Such addition will help in analyzing more personality traits from all ares which will enhance the efficiency to gather information and to judge people response more effectively. From the so far report it can be concluded that, personality refers to collection of changing properties controlled by individuals which surely influences their feeling, action, potential behaviour, knowledge as well as motive. The big five personality traits which assist in knowing others which further aid in constructing a flourishing relationship by observing why a definite person is behaving in a certain way. According to the report, the primary personality attribute of people are created by broad scope of dispositions which collectively forms a basic nature of person which result in individuals personality.

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