This assessment will cover the following questions:
- Analyse the concept of a theory of public policy for tourism.
- Evaluate the impacts of sustainable international tourism development.
- Create plans for tourism projects and address international development problems.
There are different policies for different tourism destinations and to understand that better there has to be an analysis of those factors which influence in the tourism factors of a place. Tourism is very important in all the countries because it donates to the economy of the country which will help in the development of the country for the people which the government is built for. Developed countries have a better tourism than the other countries in the world and this factor has to be analyzed by the country by the help of policies so that how can they get more tourism for the positive result.
1.1 History of tourism policy
To have a sustainable tourism in the countries there were policies which the government came up with so that the countries can benefit from them so that there is a growth of the country. All the countries came out with different policies because there are different factors which influence each country and those policies help to get in more customers or tourists in the country. There are a lot of theories which are used by the government to make the tourism factor increase in the country so that there is a safety and promotions for their own countries in the world. The first phase came after the second world war in 1945 which is still the base of the international tourism today (Joppe, 2018).
The second phase came in the 1967 when there was a design which took place for the tourism in the world. People got there freedom to do better in the offices and got their leaves so that they can travel and that is a very important factor so that they can recreate for the further work of the company. And in the third phase the government developed on the regional areas which took place from the 1970 to 1985. And this current phase is from 1985 which is focused on the environment and there is no direct government involvement in the tourism section. There are a lot of changes which are still taking place in this industry according to the change in the tourism of the world. The government is making the policies as simple as possible so that there is a growth in the economic factors of the country so that they can develop better and make the changes in the world (Wood, 2018).
1.2 Evaluate the different approaches in tourism policies
There are a lot of approaches in the tourism industry which have a great contribution in the influencing the factors of tourism in the country and that is very important for the government to work upon so that they can attract a lot of tourists in their own countries. Institutional, economic, geographical, managerial, sociological, historical and other approaches which are included in the approaches in the tourism industry and that is a very important factor the government must look into so that they can grow and make a change for themselves accordingly and that is a very important factor because that makes a lot of positive change in the country and there are negative approaches too but the positive can over come those (Joppe, 2016).
It is a very important factor for the government to take care of these factors because it will help the government to understand the tourists in the world and the factors which will attract them from coming in the country. There are a lot of tourists who want to travel for leisure time or have a motive to understand the history of the country so only after the understanding of these factors will be the government will be able to take the changes accordingly and develop on those factors which are important.
1.3 Global, national and local scale development for tourism.
The global institutions which influence the tourism of the country are UNWTO which is United Nations World Tourism Organization and this helps the countries to have safe and secured tourism between two countries. It is very important for the countries to provide the tourists with the right measures so that they can develop and make the change's in the country because then the economic rate will get better and there will be a lot of employment which will be provided to the people of the country. Sri Lanka is provided with UNWTO for the tourism which is taking place in the country and there are a lot of factors which are attracting a lot of tourists from all over the world and that is a very important factor (Chiu and Yeh, 2017). Sri Lanka is a developing country, and they need to make changes in the country more for the benefit of the people.
On the national level for Sri Lanka there is a ministry of tourism so that they can make the development of the country for a systematic manner for the country. There are a lot of promotions which are made by the government of the country to progress in the world and get more tourists in the country because there are a lot of people of the country who are getting employment and the governments wants to do the best for the people.
The local scale development focuses on the comfortable the people are providing to the tourists who are coming in the country so that they recommend other people and the tourism of the country can grow further. Sri Lanka is providing the tourists with the best of stays so that there are more and more tourists who are coming in the country for a better stay which is safe and secure.
2.1 Theoretical Approach to understand international development
Modernization theory is the tourism factor which influences the developed countries to travel to developing countries in the world. There is a lot of changes which are visible in the developing countries and there is a lot of learn and experience in the developing countries because there are a lot of factors which are new in the country and those countries still have a right culture and history which is preserved for the people to look back into. The historical factors influence the tourists and that makes the country have a lot more tourism which will help the country to develop from a developing to a developed country in the world. There are a lot of countries which are developing and that is attracting a lot of tourism in the country because there is a lot of culture and regions which are preserved and there is a lot of learning which cone can get from them and that is not present in the developed country.
Dependency theory is the environment factors which are influencing the country's growth in the tourism factor and there are more factors which are dependent on the tourism factor of the country and that is a very important factor for the country (Ozturk, 2016). The domestic market grows because of the tourism factor and so does the protection for the people which is a very important factor because the tourists will feel more comfortable in the country which will help the country to get more tourists in the future.
2.2 Emerging Marketing and Developing Economies
All the countries are trying to make the economy of their country stronger so that they can make a change in the country and become developed and stable in the market. There is a lot of liquidity of cash in the market and there is a lot of foreign direct investments which are taking place in the countries (Wachowiak, 2016). The countries are trying to develop themselves so that they can make a better tourism in the country so that there are a lot of people who have willingness to travel in the country and that is a very important factor because there will be lot of investment. To make the economy of the country stable it is very important for the country to have a stable economy in the market and that is possible when there are direct investments in the country and that happens with the help of the tourism in the country. In the current list of emerging country the top four countries are India, Mexico, Russia and Saudi Arabia (Tseng and Huang, 2017).
India has the fifth largest economy by GDP nominal. The GDP of the country is $1.353 trillion. The factors which are influencing a huge growth of the tourism in the country is the culture and the historical factors. Weather and the climate of the country are the other factors which the government is promoting itself for the growth in the tourism section.
Mexico is having GDP of $1.222 trillion according to the nominal of 2018. There is a lot of in dependency in the country which is helping the country to have a growth for the origin of tourism in the country (Medlik, 2016). The prices which the destination of the country is having a lot of respect for the competition in the market.
There are a lot of destinations which are coming up in the country which will help the country in a lot of ways possible. The GDP of the country is $1.657 trillion as of nominal of 2018. It is due to the crisis which are taking place in the country that there is no tourism growth but the country's government is working on that factor.
The GDP of the country is $786.522 billion according to the nominal of 2018. The business factors of the country is very good therefore there are more tourists coming to do business. Fossil fuels and estates in the country is a great advantage for the country.
India, Russia, South Arabia and Mexico are working on these factors so that they can develop as a country, and they are also trying to make the relationships with all the country good so that they can have direct investment in the country which is a very important factor for the countries (Du, Lew and Ng, 2016). Direct investment means that there will be economic growth in the countries and the market will be able to expand in the entire world and that is why they are the developing countries in the world.
There are a lot of countries which are trying to make a change in their own countries so that they can have a stable market and economy of the country and that is a very important factor. There are a lot of direct investments which the developing countries have opened for the world in their own countries because that will get a flow of liquidity in the market and that will help the country to develop for the better tourism in the country (Xu and Sofield, 2016). The tourism of the developing countries has increased and that is great progress for those countries, and they will be able to make it to the developed country in the world.
Impact of tourism
Positive impact on United Kingdom is that there is a lot of factors which are getting influenced by the tourism factor of the country. There are a lot of ideas which are getting shared in the country when there are tourists which leads to innovative and creative ideas which come out in the country which are very helpful (Singh, 2017). The economy factor of the country is improving because there are a lot of taxation on the flights which are coming in the country which is making the country have a lot of profit. Traveling in the country is very cheap transportation and that is making the country have a lot of profit because there are people who are traveling for seeing the country. There are a lot of mega events which are taking place in the country and that is very helpful in the country and will make the people of the country also develop and the country overall.
Positive impact on France of tourism is that there are a lot of investments which are taking place in the country which is making a lot of people travel to France because of the historical factors. There are a lot of people who are traveling in France because of the environment which the country is maintaining in the country and that is attracting a lot of people in the country. Both the countries had employment rates low in the country but it is because of the tourism which is taking place in the countries there is a growth in the employment rates because with tourism comes a lot of employment. France has a lot of festivals and cultures which also make the country unique in its own ways possible and that is making the country have a lot of tourism in the country and in 2013 France was in the top five more visited and tourism that year.
Negative impact of tourism in United Kingdom is that the cleanest cities of the country is being spoil because of the over population and the people are making the countries cities not maintain itself well (Koubida, Small and Yasin, 2017). Culture in the country which is making a lot of loss for the people of the country because the tourists are making the change in the country which is making the people question there believes and make a change in their thinking process. The pollution in United Kingdom is also increasing because of the transportation which is taking place in the country because of the tourists coming in. The locals of the country are not in favor of the tourists coming in the country because of the past issues the country has had therefore the tourists are not having a good stay in the country since they do not feel welcomed. This factor is however changing now and that is a great impact (Samimi, Sadeghi and Sadeghi, 2017).
Negative impacts of tourism on France are that the flora of the country is getting destroyed because of the tourism which is taking place in the country and that is not a good sign for the country because France is known for their flora and fauna. The culture of the country is getting disruptive as well because of the tourism which is taking place and the value for their own culture is reducing rapidly (Khokhobaia, 2016). The locals are not being able to make a profit in the market because there are a lot of foreign investments which have taken place in the country and that is a great lose for the country and the people of the country for developing.
4.1 Development issues in an international tourism
There are a lot of issues which can take place in the country because of the tourism factor which are important for the country to work upon so that they do not face a problem for developing for a longer run (Moutinho and Vargas-Sanchez, 2018). The most important factor which the tourists look forward for in the country is the security and safety measures which the countries are providing the tourists. There are a lot of terror attacks which take place in the countries and it is very important for the people to get security by the countries government or the tourists department of the country so that they can feel safe and comfortable when they travel. There are a lot of factors which are required for the tourist from the country so that the tourists can feel safe and make the countries must provide those factors and the issues which influence the country's tourism must be worked upon. Global warming is taking place in the entire world and that has to be improved because that is making the weather and the climate change of a lot of place and the tourist will not be willing to travel to places which are not suitable (Estol and Font, 2016). There is a growth in population of the country and that will result in traffic congestion in the country as well which is another issue which the country is having therefore the right measure should be taken by the government of the country.
4.2 Plan for a tourism project that address the issue
It is very important for individual countries to work on the issues which are coming in front of the country for the development of the tourism in the country. The countries must try to maintain the culture, heritage, history and the beliefs they have so that the tourists in the world can learn something from those factors which is a very important factor for them. The climate of a lot of [places has changed and that can be an issue for the countries, so they should preserve the flora and fauna of the country so that they can maintain the climate of the country (Ghosh, Siddique and Gabbay, 2017). There are a lot of tourists who are looking for the healthy environment in the countries they are traveling, so they must have the right environment which they can provide to the tourists.
The safety and security the government is providing to the people have to make sure that they are providing the right measures and security to the tourists who are traveling in their country because tourism is a very important factor. The government should promote their measures which they are taking for the tourism in the country so that they can gain a trust relationship with the tourism which is taking place in the country. Traffic congestion will increase which the traffic police should make more appropriate rules for reducing the traffic in the country and make better roads so that the country will not have to face such problems and it is not affecting the tourism in the country.
Tourism has a lot of positive and negative impacts on the countries therefore it is concluded from the above report that the right measures and preservation from the government for the countries is very important. Tourism can solve a lot of issues the country is having but can destroy the uniqueness the country has in them therefore the right steps should be taken by the government to develop the country and make sure that they are providing the right measures for the tourists. If you are Looking for Assignment Help services in the UK contact Instant Assignment Help, We offer all types of Assignment help services for UK students. We have the best writer who can solve all your educational problems at a reasonable price.