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Strategic Management Plan for Market Dominance: Unlocking Success

University: University of Roehampton

  • Unit No: 3
  • Level: High school
  • Pages: 21 / Words 5272
  • Paper Type: Essay
  • Course Code: N/A
  • Downloads: 520
Question :

This sample will let you know about-

  • Discuss macro environmental factors.
  • Explain Competitive analysis of the organization.
  • What is Strategic Management Plan for Market Dominance?
Answer :
Organization Selected : N/A

INTRODUCTION

Business strategy is a combination of business plan and decision that are taken by the businesses to accomplish business goals and secure a competitive position in the market. It outlines the direction in which business should proceed to achieve its desired aims. In this report, Klarna is taken as an organization. It is an Swedish online payment service provider. It was established in 2005. After acquiring SOFORT in 2014, it become the largest payment service provider in European e-commerce. The objective of the report is to prepare a strategic management plan. This report provides insights about the macro environment factors that influenced the organization. It also include a complete analysis of internal environment and the competitive analysis of the organization to know its competitive positioning with the help of different models and theories. At last, a strategic management plan is carried out to achieve business objectives.

Influence of macro environmental factors on an organization

When an organization operates its business in an economy, it is prone to some environmental factors which affects the business operation and over which business has no control but specific measures can be taken to reduce the it's impact. To analyse it, PESTEL analysis is carried out, it is used by marketer to monitor the macro environmental factors. A detailed discussion is done below. Get Assignment Examples.Talk to our Experts!

Political factors (High): These factors have a strong influence on the sustainability and profitability of the organization. Klarna in UK is currently facing political instability because of Brexit (Aithal, 2017). Other factors that may impact the Klarna is the increasing corruption among political parties, labour laws, trade restrictions etc. So, Klarna business operation and function is highly influenced by the political factors.

Economic factors (High): These factors have a significant impact on how business is carried out. This factor includes change in interest rate, foreign exchange rate, disposable income of consumers, economic performance of the country etc. The high rate of borrowing will impact the business operation as it will make the cost of funding expensive for the business. Also, Brexit may cause high rate of unemployment as many of the workforce are from the European nations. So, this economic factor is also having high impact on the Klarna business operation in terms of workforce required.

Social factors (Low): It mostly involves the culture, shared belief, lifestyle and attitude of the population. These factors include age, gender, health consciousness, career attitude etc. These factors are very useful for marketers for understanding the customers and their needs. In UK, there is a high demand for equality in an organization and online shopping trends have changed the behaviour of the customers. Currently, Klarna has adopted practices that will be beneficial for its business based on the current trends such as direct payment, instalment plans and pay after delivery are some of its services. Also, it has promoted equality in the organization irrespective of age, gender, religion, race etc. So, the implication of social factors over Klarna is low on its business operation.

Technological factors (High): It refers to the changes in the technological landscape and the ways it impacts the business. Introducing latest technology in the business helps in gaining efficiency and effectiveness and also helps in attracting more customers. Technological innovation can be favourable for one and unfavourable for another. High investment in research and development by the competitors is putting pressure on Klarna business operation to increase its investment also. It will help in analysing the coming trend and helps in better decision making. Technological innovation like emergence of automation has a huge impact on the business and its profitability. Thus, Klarna is facing high level of technological challenge to survive in the market.

Environmental factors (Low): This factor has came in the picture in the last decade only. Also, with the increasing pressure by government and customers to meet with the environmental needs. It includes climate change, environmental offset, weather change etc. To meet with the changing demand of customers, organizations are coming up with different practices as their contribution towards Corporate Social Responsibility (Sadgrove, 2016). Klarna has adopted efficient waste management practices and also invested in renewable resources of energy. It has also started working towards climate tracking in 2019. All these factors are having positive impact over Klarna business functioning.

Legal factors (Moderate): A clear evaluation of this factor is necessary for the business to avoid getting into a serious trouble. It includes, employee protection law, consumer protection laws, intellectual property laws etc. It is essential to abide by the all the legal laws and work within it (Story James, 2019). Klarna has complied with all the laws and it treats its employees fairly irrespective of race , gender, disability, religion etc. which has positive impact on the business. Stolen of data is the big problem faced by the organization so it is important to take corrective action and Klarna has properly implemented data security system which has created a sense of trust among its customers. Thus, Klarna, is having moderate risk from the legal factors.

From the above, it can be said that Klarna is facing challenges mostly from political factors, economic factors and technological factors so precautionary actions can be taken on time to reduce the impact on the business.

Stakeholder analysis

Stakeholders

Interest

Estimated project impact

Estimated priority

Owners

  • Achieving higher profits
  • reducing liability
  • increase in sales margin
  • High impact

 

  • High

 

  • Medium

1

Investors

  • To provide funds
  • High
 

2

Employees

  • New product excitement
  • Year end bonus
  • Medium

 

  • Medium

3

Analysing the internal environment and capability of the business

Internal environment refers to the internal factors or components that are present within the organization that can affect the business activities and decision making processes. Businesses can exercise control over such factors, unlike macro environmental factors. So, to get a clear understanding SWOT analysis and McKinsey 7s model is used.

McKinsey 7s Model

It is the tool that helps in analysing the firms organizational design. It takes into consideration 7 key elements which helps in achieving organizational objectives. It helps in knowing the organizational structure and design. This model is easy to understand but harder to apply. A detailed description is given below.

Strategy: It refers to the strategy developed by the organization to achieve competitive advantage and secure a competitive position in the market. Klarna has implemented flexible and transparent financing system (Salvarli and Kayiskan, 2018). This system provides easy credit options and allows customers to shop with Klarna merchants in payment plan of 6-36 months. It also has the system of paying after getting delivery so that consumers can try it before buying it. It also has also implemented the plan of paying in 30 days with no interest or additional charges.All these strategies helps in attractive more customers and will contribute in the overall growth of the organization.

Structure: It refers to the organizational structure of the entity. It also includes the information of who is accountable to whom. Klarna's organizational is divide into 300 teams and each and every member of Klarna is a member of a team. Each team is divided into domains, which are related to the product offerings of Klarna. Every domain is lead by the domain leader who reports to CXO and each CXO reports to CEO who in turn reports to board of members. Klarna follows hierarchical organization structure, so every unit of the organisation is subordinate of another. Klarna has three independent functions outside these domains, which includes risk control, internal audit and compliance (Klarna's Organisation. 2020). Each of these domain, directly reports to board. This organizational sructure defines a clear communication channel and authority which is helpful for efficient working of the organization and accomplish its goals.

Systems: It refers to business processes and procedure that are followed in the daily business activities. There is a wide range of system that facilitates the the Klarna business. These system includes recruitment and selection, training and development, orientation program, customer relationship management, knowledge management system, transaction processing system etc. Klarna evaluates these system in a timely manner which helps in increasing their efficiency and enables the organization to take competitive advantage.

Skills: It refers to the capability of the employees of the organization. These capabilities are very useful in the time of organizational change. The employees of Klarna are highly skilled which includes research skills, in-depth knowledge about the business, customer handling skills, effective communication etc. Klarna also provides opportunity to its employee learn different skills apart from their domain which will help in overall development of the employees. So, all these skills helps Klarn in increasing its productivity and efficiency in accomplishing its goals.

Staff: It refers to the type of employees and workers and the number of employees required in the organization and how they are recruited. Klarna identifies the need of skills and knowledge required in an organization and recruit people on the basis of job description and provides training which is essential for the job. Klarna usually recruit skilled and capable employees. Along with that Klarna has also implemented rewards system for the employees which helps in improving the performance of the employees, motivating and retaining them. This helps in enhancing the productivity of the employees.

Style: It refers to the style or way in which company is managed by the top level managers, how they interact and the way of taking decisions. It also includes the leadership style used in the organization to improve the performance (Rogala and Bialowas, 2016). The Klarna has implemented democratic leadership style which gives roles and responsibility of every employee and which helps in better and quick decision making process. Delegation of authority and responsibility has helped in building a friendly and active work environment.

Shared value: This is the last component of this model. It refers to the norms, principles and standards that helps organization in guiding employee behaviour and are the foundation of every organization. For example: Klarna is using Swedish Financial Supervisory Authority's Regulatory framework and all its statements are prepared according to it. Klarna has presented the guidelines to its staff and makes clear about the actual behaviour expected in the workplace which helps in proper functioning. Want to get Assignment help? Talk Our Expert Now!

By doing assessment, it has identified that now company is following hierarchical structure. Due to this, personnel are not encouraged to take decision about working aspects by their own. Thus, for managing internal operations effectually changes need to be done in the existing organizational structure. By this, manager would become able to build or indulge innovative practices within business unit and thereby ensures organizational success.

VRIO analysis

Valuable: The financial resources of Klarna is valuable which will help in meeting its expansion plan but it can be easily imitable and is not rare.

Rare: Its employees are very rare as these employees are highly skilled and trained which can provide competitive advantage to it.

Inimitable: The patents of Klarna cannot be imitated easily which is because it is not legally allowed.

Organised: The financial resources are well organised which can be strategically used in tapping right opportunity.

SWOT analysis

It is a tool which helps in identifying the current position of the business based on its strength, weaknesses, opportunity and threats and according to it, strategic business planning is formulated. A detailed analysis is drawn below.

Strength: It refers to favourable factors that are beneficial for the organization and which separates it from its competitors. The major strength of the Klarna is its distribution and reach. It has make sure that its products are easily available to its large customers in timely manner. Klarna has secured a strong financial position with large asset base. It's website is well established and interactive and draws large number of traffic. It has a wide range of product portfolio as it has connected with millions of shoppers and retailers around the world to make shopping easier and gives satisfying customers experience.

Weakness: It refers to unfavourable factors that works as a stoppage and makes it difficult for organization to achieve its goals (Jackson Ted, 2020). As compared to its competitors Klarna is spending less on its research and development which is putting pressure on it. Also, the time it takes to purchase and sold its products are higher than the industry standard.

Opportunity: It refers to the factors that can be grabbed to take competitive advantage. Klarna can leverage the opportunity offered by social media marketing which will help in improving its business performance and also enhances brand image. Klarna should invest more in renewable technologies which will help in meeting its environmental factors.

Threats: It can be any anything that can negatively affect the business. It includes shift in demand and supply, shortage of resources etc. The technological developments by the competitors pose a big threat to Klarna as customers are usually attracted towards the latest technology. Increasing competition within the industry is putting pressure on Klarna to reduce its prices. It may lead to decrease in market share.

Thus, from the above, it can be said that Klarna's major strength is its large and efficient distribution network to make the product and services available to large customers base, weakness is low investment on research and development as compared to competitors. The biggest opportunity is to increase its social media presence and adapting new renewable technology and the threat is shortage of resources. So, all these factors needs to be kept in mind before forming business plan.

Competitive analysis of the organization

Competitive analysis is the strategy that helps the organization in finding out its current competitive position in terms of major competitors available in the industry, identifying its strengths and weaknesses of the business. This analysis helps in knowing the area of improvement. To do competitive analysis of Klarna, Porter's Five forces model is used and a detailed description of the same is stated below.

Threat of new entrants (Low): It refers to the new firms entering the market with the similar products. If the barriers to entry are high and requires fulfilment of various regulations then the new businesses hardly enter the market and reduces the level of threat. With respect to Klarna, it is difficult for new entrants to enter the market as it requires huge capital investment to set up the business and requires to incur high expenditure (Kabue and Kilika, 2016). In this industry, product differentiation is strong which makes it difficult for new firms to come up because it requires huge investment in research and development. Apart from this, there is strong need of customer support services and advertisement and government policies requires strict licensing and fulfilment of other legal requirements which makes it difficult for new firms to enter the market. So, the overall threat of new entrant is low which is beneficial for Klarna.

Bargaining power of suppliers (Low): It refers to the power the supplier can exercise to influence the price of the product or services. When there are lot of suppliers in the market providing similar product or service then the bargaining power of supplier is low as organization can easily switch to other supplier. But if the number of suppliers are less then the bargaining power of supplier is high. The number of supplier in the market in which Klarna operates are many. The product provided by the suppliers are standardized and less differentiated which makes the switching cost low. This makes the organization have the power to negotiate for better prices with the suppliers. So, the bargaining power of suppliers is less which helps Klarna for taking benefit of price and taking negotiation in its hands.

Bargaining power of customers (Low): It refers to the power of the customer to affect the price and quality of the product. When the number of buyers for a particular product is less then the customers have more power to affect the pricing and quality of the product. If the number of buyers are large then the bargaining power is low because losing one or two customers will not affect the business (What is Five Forces Analysis?. 2020). In the industry in which Klarna operates, products are highly differentiated and buyers will not be able to find similar products with other competitors. Therefore, switching cost will be high for customers. Quality of product makes buyer to do frequent purchases which makes customers less price sensitive. Thus, bargaining power of customers is low which will be beneficial for Klarna for taking advantage.

Threat of substitute products (Low): It refers to the availability of similar products and services in the market that can be easily substituted with the company's product. Klarna is currently having low threat of substitute because only few substitutes are available in the market which are provided by low profit earning companies (Shokeen, 2016). There are few companies that provide high quality substitute products but are more expensive as compared to the firms similar to Klarna are providing low price products. This makes the rate of substitution less. So, it can be said that Klarna is facing no or less threat of substitute product in the industry it operates which is advantageous to it.

Rivalry among existing firms (Moderate): It refers to the competition and competitors in the market. In highly competitive environment, business will have little or no control over prices. The businesses always try to set the price lower than its competitors to attract more customers. But the industry in which Klarna is operating, the number of competitors are less which makes competition less (Helmold, Terry and Hummel, 2020). the key competitors are PayPal, Stripe and Amazon Pay. The products provided in this industry is are highly differentiated which makes it difficult for the other competing firms to grab or attract the customers of each other because of their product uniqueness. The fixed cost in the industry will be high which requires companies to operate at full capacity. It also means that sometimes organization may be required to lower its price when demand for products drops. This factor makes rivalry strong a forces. So, overall it can be said that rivalry among existing firms will have moderate impact on the business.

By using the above information, it can be said that Klarna's current competitive position is strong and it will help strategic planners in identifying the factors that may affect the profitability of the organization. It will help in knowing the company's future positioning as well. Apart from the positive side, the company is required to take into consideration the key aspects such as rivalry which may affect the business if proper plan is implemented to face it as the key competitors are big organization like PayPal, Amazon pay etc.

Applying theories and models for strategic planning for company.

Vision: To become one of the most successful bank in the banking sector by providing best payment system.

Mission: To make payment system as simple and safe and smooth in order to attract range of customer

Objectives:

  • To increase profit margin till the end of 2020.
  • To promote and sustain business growth at market place.
  • To hiring the best development team for analysis market needs and wants of customers.

Strategies:

In this different theories and models are applied for understanding best strategy for Klarna group for sustain and growth of business. For that here is use Porter generic model and Bowman strategy clock model.

Porter generic strategy model:

Porter generic strategy is useful framework for organization to identify a potential niche in which they can gain a competitive advantage in any industry. As per this model has three basic strategy options available for organization in order to gain competitive advantage. In order to identify the best strategy for Klarna company explanation of each element are as follows:

  • Cost leadership: Cost leadership is the strategy where companies are make focus on cost and price of product which are they are offers to customers. This is the best strategy for Klarna because cost is lower in its industry. This may include pursuit of economic scale, technology and access to raw material. A low cost producer must find and exploit all the sources of cost advantage (Porter's Generic Competitive Strategies (ways of competing), 2018). Through which Klarna can achieve and sustain overall cost leadership.
  • Differentiation: In this strategy company seeks to be a unique in their strategy along with the dimensions which are widely valued by buyer. As per this strategy Klarna company can make and provide premium price product to customers with producing some new product and services implementation for business.
  • Focus strategy: This generic strategy focus rests on the choices of a narrow competitive scope within an industry. This consists with two focus which are cost and differentiation focused strategy.

Cost focuses a Klarna seeks a cost advantage in its target. In this strategy company only make their complete focus on price of products and services which they are offers.

Differentiation focuses a company seeks differentiation in its target market (David and Hung, 2020). In this strategy company Klarna is produce new and unique product and services by targeting customer with aim of attracting and gaining high profit and become more loyal customers.

As per this, the best strategy for company Klarna is cost leadership strategy. In this company can reduce cost of product and services in proper and respective with aim to attract more customers toward company. In this company sets differentiation strategy and creates profit margin for attracting customers in appropriate manner. Take Management Assignment Help from professional experts!

Bowman strategy clock model:

This model is explores the options for strategic position and how product should be positioned to give the most competitive advantage position within the market place. The main strategy which is selected for company is differentiate strategy which is lower charges of delivering products for attracting more customers toward company. The main purpose of this model is to illustrate business will have variety options for business and company Klarna are as follows:

  • Low price and low value added: This is first strategy option which stated that lower price of product and services are added lower value of product. Lower prices and low added value is the best strategy for company to attract customers toward company. With the help of this, Klarna is able to attract customers with lower price of services from other but this added lower value for customers.
  • Low price: Businesses positioning themselves here look to be the low cost leaders in the market. In this strategy Klarna is sets low price of delivering charges to customer. This help to increase profit margin of each product are also low but high volume of outputs can still generate high overall profit. This is best but profit is lower.
  • Hybrid: This strategy involve some element of low price but also same product differentiation (Bowman's Strategic Clock (Strategic Positioning), 2017). This aim is to persuade customers that there is good added value through the combination of reasonable price and acceptable product differentiation. This is the best strategy for company Klarna is to generated profits and value of products as per needs and wants of product to customers.
  • Differentiation: The main aim of this strategy to offer customers the highest level of perceived value. Branding plays a key role in this strategy as does product quality. In this strategy, company Klarna make focused on differentiate services which is delivering charges are low for attracting more customers as per requirement of businesses. A high quality of product with strong brand awareness and loyalty of customers.
  • Focused differentiation: In this strategy Klarna is make the highest price level where customers buy product because of high perceived value for their business. With the help of this company can lead very high profit margin. In this company make focused on differentiate pricing strategy for product to attract more customers.
  • Risky high margin: With this strategy, business sets high prices without offering anything extra in terms of perceived value for products and services (Mathews and et.al., 2016). This is very risky for Klarna company and its management to maintain and sets high price for products and services because company make strategy to focus on price of product.
  • Monopoly pricing: In the monopoly market, business offers products. In which does not need to concerned about value customers perceived in product. In this company is free to sets price of product as per strategy which is lower price of product.
  • Loss of market share: In this strategy, company Klarna is setting a middle range for product with low perceived value is unlikely to win their customers who have much better options.

As per that, the best strategy for company Klarna is use differentiation strategy. This help to company to gain the highest profit margin at reasonable price of product.

Strategic management plan:

This is the documents which is used for communicate within the organization by setting goals, set priorities and ensure employees or other stakeholders working for achieving common goals.

Strategy:

Strategy to set reasonable price of product for gaining higher profits margin. This help to gain the highest profits and customer attraction towards business by focusing on cost leadership strategy.

Tactics:

For that marketing mix is used:

  • Product: Klarna group provide range of financial service through online banking service and this will assist to grab attention of many customer. Further, it uses online sales by offering range of financial service to their customers.
  • Place: It operates its business at international level such that Sweden, Finland, Norway, Denmark and Germany etc. This clearly reflect that there are range of area where quoted firm serve in order to creates positive impression upon the customer mind-set.
  • Price: Firm offer low range of online services to their customers and it mostly uses competitive pricing strategy so that it will easily stay ahead in the competition and meet the defined objectives too.
  • Promotion: For promotion, Klarna group uses modern form of promotional tools that assist to attract range of customers towards it and also enhance the brand image. Further, it uses social media platform in order to attract new customers, also post new facilities on its official website so that customer will analyse about new offers.
  • Process: The process of company is quite simple such that most of the customers find sorted solution and they also get immediate response about their queries. This help to increase market share and enhance brand image as well
  • People: It key people are customers, more than 2500 employees and managers, investors.
  • Physical evidence: Its website, logo, online application is also consider as a physical evidence for a business.

Implementation/ Control:

In order to control the business strategy plan, Klarna Group may use Benchmarking tool that will help to assist to track the results at daily basis. Further, this control strategy also assists to determine the overall performance. This method also assists to examine whether the resource is easily managed or not.

Evaluation:

  • Analysis market by researching more.
  • Sets reasonable prices of products for gaining customers attraction.
  • Paid more for promotional activities.
  • Taking knowledge about rules and regulations.

Those are help to company Klarna for expand their business and gain higher profit margin with reasonable price of products. This creates more effectiveness for company and company should use this strategies for sustain their growth at market place.

CONCLUSION

It can be summarized from the above that formulating business strategy is very helpful for the business. It provides direction to achieve success. The macro environmental analysis was carried out to using PESTEL analysis and the major influencing factors were the political, economic and technological factors. Internal environment analysis was also drawn using SWOT analysis and McKinsey 7s model. Meeting with the opportunities will help Klarna in facing its technological factors that can negatively affect its business survival and profitability. Then McKinsey's 7s model is used, according to which Klarna has a well organized system and structure which makes the business functioning smoother. To know the competitive positioning of the organization, Porter's Five forces model is applied which has helped in knowing the competitive advantage the company can take over its competitors. At last, a strategic business plan is formulated with the objective to increase profits and sustain growth and having the team of experts. Porter's generic strategy model is used to identify the area to gain competitive advantage. Based on it, the cost leadership is best suited for Klarna to attract more customers. Also, Bowman strategy clock model, is applied, according to which hybrid strategy is best for the organization to achieve higher profits. Thus, business strategy is an essential part of every business.

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