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Industrial Relations

University: University of Oxford

  • Unit No: 4
  • Level: High school
  • Pages: 6 / Words 1381
  • Paper Type: Essay
  • Course Code:
  • Downloads: 7397
Question :
This sample will let you know about:
  • Discuss about the Industrial relations.
  • Discuss about the evaluating the perspective of business


Answer :

Introduction to Industrial relations

Industrial relations includes interaction of employees, employer and government for undertake activities that promotes for achieve goals and objectives. With different characteristics of employees, organisation can committing which assist to make effective results  (Greenfield and Williams, 2014). In this context, present report is based on Australian economy which involves perspectives of business, trade union and state that contribute to the reform in industrial relation policy. Furthermore, gap is also identified in previous essay and failure or success of parties in current study to meet the goals.

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Critically evaluating the perspective of business, trade union and state that contributed to reform of industrial relation policy in past decades

As per the views of Thoms and Holden (2016), industrial relation system of Australia is unique in the world. Trade union of Australian market is continue growing from historical context. This framework is working from 1904 which involves federal based system of conciliation and arbitration. It is incorporated with minimum rates of part in different occupations which has been coupled on equivalent. This system is frames to solve issues in industrial relations (Thoms and Holden, 2016). The Australian Industrial Relation Commission (AIRC) set appropriate state counterparts. However, Godard (2014) stated that conciliation and arbitration by tribunals determine minimum rates of pay and working conditions of employees that need to be determines at workplace. This award is provided for the safety of workers that are unable to engage and acquire effective bargaining power due to economic status. In this aspect, new legislation enacted that clarifies role of system that assists to promote high bargaining and system of enforcement (Godard, 2014).

According to Gough (2014), it is essential to follows legislation which intended from external stakeholders party. It ensures that Australia can easily meet with their international obligations in ILO conventions. Legislation also provides minimum entitlement to all employees. In this aspect, equal payment, work of group and rights are also provided to female and male workers that contribute participation in industrial relation policy (Gough, 2014). On the other hand, Chakraborty and Green (2014) argued that trade union came in Australia in the mid of 19th century. In this aspect, changes are demonstrated in composition of immigration of the working family. In this market, there are various unions working for different businesses such as nurses, carpenter, textiles and construction workers, etc. There are certain relation acts and policies framed that assist to solve industrial issues (Chakraborty and Green, 2014). They are as follows:

  • National workplace relations system: This is established through fair work Act 2009 and many other laws.
  • Paid Parental leave: In this aspect, organisations need to provide minimum 18 weeks leaves at minimum wage rate.
  • Fair Entitlement Guarantee: This provides financial assistance that covers unpaid employment entitlement. This act is framed for eligible employees who lost their jobs due to liquidation and bankruptcy (Neale and Vincent, 2016).
  • Building code 2013: This frame outlines requirements for entities who are working fir building works. It is also supports to frame guidelines that is related to each work of obligation under this act.

In Australia, industrial relation system is holding to impose barriers in terms of productivity improvement, attainment of competitiveness, employment growth and investment. In this aspect, building and construction industry is the best example of industrial relations with implementation of law. From the help of previous essay, it has been analysis that productivity has been enhances that is crucial aspect for economic in the future. In order to get more profitability in country resources, industrial relations need to be maintains due to progress economic outcomes. However, there are no relations framework is working in systemic function. In the previous report there  are many features address which works very well enough. Economic and industrial performance of building sector improves significantly (Richardson, 2013). Hence, data shows labour productivity in the construction enhancement around 20%. With the help of implementation of enhancement in labour productivity, Australia market is able to develop their profits and revenue which make effective industrial relations.
. Due to high debt in Australia's. organisation face many issues in current market. In this aspect, industrial relations assist to promote productivity, competitiveness, employment growth and investment, etc. Advance innovation also make position to findings international concern. In addition to this, productivity is commissioned through coalition. In this aspect, the business can achieve their aim and objectives through improving competitiveness (Allan, 2016). There are certain issues being faced with respect to increase the productivity in economy of Australia. . From the previous essay analysis, it has been shown that in Australia major stakeholders such as employee, trade union and government assist to enhance productivity of company. They are promotes to businesses for enhance high productivity that could be maintains through participation of stakeholders. Main aim of Australia country is to accomplish effective relations so that they can also enhance their operations in new areas. In this way, government determines their role to frame rules and regulations in industrial relation context. Trade union take part in maintains organisation performances through accomplishment of positive results. Employers are committing with certain goals and objectives within the business unit.

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Gap between evidence and success or failure of parties to meet goals

There is a wide gap between success and goals of the parties. In this way, Australia's building construction company (ABCC) government authority regulation needs to represent effective element to reduce union support base (Trade Unions & Industrial Relations In Australia For The Asian Pacific Observer, 1994). This authority frames rules and regulations for accomplish positive results within Australian politics. However, there is weak position of Australia economy to considers effective results that delivers successful operations.. Hence, policies aimed to give more effective results for improving current performances. Less productivity of the company has demonstrates worker ineffective conditions. Hence, they are unable to improves productivity in Australia market (Greenfield and Williams, 2014).

In order to meet the goals, union needs to categorize favourable environment that assists to make future election success. Further, it is important to cooperate and get engaged in decision-making with management to collaborate productivity. In this aspect, greater opportunity can be promoted in Australian economy that helps to gain advantages. Both parties; workers and trade union of enterprises are playing an important role in the success of economy. With the help of enhanced productivity, economy can take place for establish results (Thoms and Holden, 2016).


From the present report, it has been concluded that industrial relations assist in promoting effective results in Australian economy. In this way, different businesses need to signify their activities which help in managing performance and results through caring their employees. Furthermore, it also summarized about productivity and implementation through ABCC authority from previous essay. This element shows effective outcomes of stakeholders of Australia market that improves competitiveness.  Finally, it has been assessed that due to less productivity and efficiency, industrial relations are not easily promoted.


  • Allan, J., 2016. Only in Australia: The History, Politics and Economics of Australian Exceptionalism.
  • Chakraborty, J. and Green, D., 2014. The relationship between industrial air pollution and social disadvantage in Australia: national and regional inequities. Air Quality and Climate Change. 48(4). p.35.
  • Godard, J., 2014. The psychologisation of employment relations?. Human Resource Management Journal. 24(1). pp.1-18.
  • Gough, I., 2014. Case Management as a Key Response to Homelessness in Australia. Parity. 27(3). p.9.
  • Greenfield, C. and Williams, P., 2014. From shadowy zone to daily routine: Finance culture in Australia. TOPIA: Canadian Journal of Cultural Studies. pp. 30-31.
  • Neale, T. and Vincent, E., 2016. Instabilities and inequalities: relations between Indigenous people and environmentalism in Australia today. Unstable relations: environmentalism and indigenous people in contemporary Australia. pp.1-24.
  • Richardson, J., 2013. An Introduction to the study of Industrial Relations (Vol. 5). Routledge.
  • Thoms, D. and Holden, L., 2016. The motor car and popular culture in the twentieth century. Routledge.

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