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Unit 5 How Business Operates Tips Level 5 Regent College


Enterprise operate their organisation which involve different branches as well as sectors which are having their own duties and authorities. In UK, there are different kinds of enterprise and distinct operations of structure (Weiss, 2014). These companies can be differentiated by its visions as well as prescribed goals. Accounting can be defined for a organisation because of presented firms failure and numbers of success. Owners as well as Managers which carry out their operation associated with business. Relationships with their customers can be assisting and effective also. Sainsbury's is an second largest chain of supermarket within UK. Workers responsibilities involve proper personnel so that practices are applied within appropriate review. There are a few tips for business operations.


1.1 Various structure and types of private as well as public sector companies

Various kinds of enterprise companies which exists in business with various grounds of its scope, size, structure, objectives and ownership. In public sector firms, as management of entire entity is functioned by government terms and regulations. Beside this, segments of private involve items as well as services within trade for making effective enterprise revenue.

Segments of private involve those types of companies which are given below:

  • Sole proprietorship: It belong to enterprise which are formed by an particular for investing in the financial assets as well as manage personnel and raw material for business practices in a more effective way. Owners of enterprise is owned liable for organising their decision making process along with its business practices as per which judgements as well as alternatives quality are selected. Thus, advantages and losses both are bear by entrepreneur (Petro and Gardiner, 2015).
  • Partnership: A business partnership is referred the arrangements in which various parties or partners are agree for changes their interests as well as mutual understandings. Whole members of firms involve equal share and power of making decisions. Its advantages are that organisation is having higher funds and resources to apply practices as well as providing services and products according to the demands of public.

Segments of public involve these kind of organisation which are claimed below:

  • State ownership: These elements involve companies that determine the requirements of management for making terms and executing a financial system according to state provision. For Example: British Broadcasting organisation.
  • Local Government: their entities are comprises which are formed by particular pers9on to conduct practices as well as utilization of proper resources. It aid in providing proper products and services for social welfare.

1.2 Influence of local, national and local economic environment of Sainsbury

Their are various business structure which are followed by various companies which are discussed in detail below:

  • Matrix structure: This model involve the relationship reports which are determined as grid as well as matrix within traditional hierarchy.
  • Flat structure: this companies structure include models with few or new level of administration within staff and executives (Reim, Parida and Örtqvist, 2015).
  • Tall structure: This follow the structure of hierarchy along with promotional opportunities and span of control.

Sainsbury's is an second biggest retailing company in UK which carry out proper products and services. Functions of organisation operates the structure of hierarchy which aid in managing whole branches and managers control their operations of enterprise.

1.3 How global, national and local impacts on economic environment

Sainsbury's is having high share of UK retailing sector as it is a second biggest chain of supermarket in United Kingdom with more than share of 16.9% in whole UK. This organisation was established by John James Sainsbury which declare as biggest grocery selling organisation in 1922. Firms has employed approx 181,900 employees along with 1,415 retail stores in whole United Kingdom. Their are various local, national and global economic environment impact enterprise in a more effective way. Some of impacts are discussed below:

  • Local Impact: Local environment of economical and its regulations as well as various practices of state can influence on Sainsbury's business which affect the sales and operations.
  • National Impact: Rates of national currency, financial and economical situations of countries GDP, interest rates etc. affect its operations as well as practices of enterprise of Sainsbury.
  • Global Impact: Different activities of global economic, trends, enterprise environment etc. impact on Sainsbury activities as they operate firms within various nations.


2.1 Importance of business accounting success

For operating business, it is sentential information of documents, reports analysis and make some information in the context of debts, liabilities, profits, assets etc. Information of accounting is important for making decisions and Sainsbury's management. Management can not involve any decisions without making data backup. Some are given below the advantages of the system of accounting for growth as well as prosperity of enterprise:

  • Division of finance can manage activities as well as budget framing.
  • Help in expenses and income documentation by management.
  • Accounting help in acknowledging advantages or losses of business operations with certain functions.
  • Help in managing market and financial position of company (Bernstein, 2015).

2.2 Various HR department of functions within enterprise

This is workers responsibilities to involve qualified as well as personnel manpower for running enterprise activities effectively. Various practices are performs by groups which are given below:

  • Recruitment and selection: Human resource apply recruiting process for filling up of vacant positions as well as recruit new candidates for developing a working environment. Conducting different hiring and selection methods like as external and internal hiring for more appropriately execution of activities (Mackey and Sisodia, 2014).
  • Training and Development: Management conduct appraisal, giving motivation for evaluate skills of employees by comparing standard results of performing practices. They also give new skills, development and changes to employees for facing problems and challenges.
  • Employees relations management: Workers forms relations with customers for retaining them within company for a long time by motivating and dedication towards their task. They manage the process of negotiation, solutions and disputes in a more effective way.
  • Staffing: This is an main activities that help in qualified employees in their staff on suitable role of job as well as conduct a proper practices to stimulate work.

2.3 Key features of employment legislation

Country structure various policies and regulations to safeguard employees advantages and rights of the members of staff. Some of traits that workers legislation involves are as follows:

  • Government has passed safety as well health laws, so employees get secure environment of working as well as positive working place. Along with that persons get more working hours and authentic duration which affect its health and mental ability.
  • Discrimination laws help in providing fair treatment to a employees which are disable as workers equality act aid in less biasses and fair treatment on the religion, gender and many other grounds (Warner, 2018).
  • Human resource provide higher opportunity on its performance and results basis, as equality can provide by giving and treating equal opportunity to both.


3.1 Information on profit and loss account

Sainsbury's profit and loss statement of year 2017



Total Revenue


Cost of Revenue


Gross Profit


Operating Expenses

Selling General and Administrative


Operating Income or Loss


Income from Continuing Operations

Total Other Income/Expenses Net


Earnings Before Interest and Taxes


Interest Expense


Income Before Tax


Income Tax Expense


Net Income From Continuing Ops


Net Income

Net Income


Preferred Stock And Other Adjustments


Net Income Applicable To Common Shares


Interpretation: It shows that the organisation has earned 45,9000 total income in 2017 and 781000 loss and a in the year.


4.1 Analysis for determining others and own roles of group members

In a organisation, Workforce seek for an proper team of its skills as well as abilities towards performing different work in a proper way and accomplished purpose within a limited period of time. My interpersonal skills are enhanced as a friendly as well as healthy relations are made by mangers (Doppelt, 2017). Along with that interaction and leadership emphasis abilities as their guidance as well as instructions that give employees towards their duties along with their tasks given to workers. Working in a group different practices of performing functions properly by their certain deadlines and targets. It teams are given goals according to their skills. Therefore, I can able to manage different qualified employees as well as competent workers for a long period of time. Therefore, organisation provide higher authentic functions according to their needs and wants of customers. Goals and objectives are achieved on time.

4.2 Development of team

Sainsbury management frames groups to develop as well as deliver productivity iteams and services within a market. Their are various development of team which are performed in groups are discussed below:

Stages of Team Development

  • Forming: This is first stage, in which groups act more positive as well as polite understanding their opinion.
  • Storming: This is next stage where groups are pushed by themselves to edges which are formed in existing phase which often lead to disputes (Palattella and et. al., 2016).
  • Norming: In this stage, the members of team set up respect opinion, understanding, and give control to leader.
  • Performing: In this stage, group aid to work hard without achieving and friction their goals.

Motivation Theories

There are various approaches of motivating theory which can be utilized by a enterprise as a Sainsbury's. Here are some of theories are given below:

  • Hierarchy Need Theory of Maslow: It is one of most earliest and widely known which include the theory of motivation. This involve five main divisions like as self actualisation, esteem, belongingness, love, safety needs and psychological needs. According to their requirements of stimulating, priority needs are framed in pyramid from lower to higher.
  • Alderfe: ERG theory: This theory is divided into three parts like as relatedness, growth and existence (Adjei and et. al., 2014). Physiological and safety needs are combined which aid to existence needs. Relatedness refer to esteemed as well as belongingness in harmonised way. Therefore, growth is termed as self actualisation and self esteem.
  • Expectancy Theory of Vroom: This emphasis theory over procedure and content of stimulation which integrates equality and reinforcements theories. It refers to belief of an particular success, instrumentally claimed as a belief relationship within practices as well as goals.

Leadership styles

  • Autocratic Style: In this style, higher authorities are organised the decision making process as well as administration holds the whole control over practices of business operators.
  • Democratic Style: In this style, members and employees are allow to include in the process of making decisions and role of managers in market situations (Omar, Leach and March, 2014).
  • Laissez-faire Style: In this, managers give powers to personnel to take decisions while doing practices. Therefore, employees will apply practices in a more ideal way as they are able to work properly.


5.1 Influence of consumer services on the success of enterprise

Management require to create proper work by employees in a appropriate way so that employees provide services according to their needs and wants of public. Sainsbury's is one of biggest retailing organisation that give quality of services to customers in a better recognition. Administration execute latest technologies in models like as options of payment to give fast and proper service to particulars persons. This help company to persuade customers for increasing sales and profits of organisation.

5.2 Advantages of consumers profits to enterprise

Various advantages are given to customers that can assist in companies success and growth. Some of are given below:

  • Administration utilized changing technology as well as tools such as internet and computers for managing stock and clients records.
  • Some of products ground, organisation can easily find out their interest and preferences of customers (Amit and Zott, 2015).
  • Manage can get accomplished as well as some customers information.


As per above report it has been concluded that different kinds of companies which vary as per purpose, structure, scope and size within enterprise. Different functions as well as team working are conducted to follow companies for meeting o0bjectives. This is important to give effective motivations as well as their various motivation theories by which companies can encourage their employees. Their can claim their services of customers are much advantages for their success as well as growth of company which require to manage organisation.


  • Weiss, J. W., 2014. Business ethics: A stakeholder and issues management approach. Berrett-Koehler Publishers.
  • Bernstein, M. H., 2015. Regulating business by independent commission. Princeton University Press.
  • Mackey, J. and Sisodia, R., 2014. Conscious capitalism, with a new preface by the authors: Liberating the heroic spirit of business. Harvard Business Review Press.
  • Warner, K., 2018. Building rules: How local controls shape community environments and economies. Routledge.
  • Doppelt, B., 2017. Leading change toward sustainability: A change-management guide for business, government and civil society. Routledge.
  • Palattella, M. R., and et. al., 2016. Internet of things in the 5G era: Enablers, architecture, and business models. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications. 34(3). pp.510-527.
  • Adjei, H., and et. al., 2014. Assessing the Corporate Social Responsibility Activities of Atwima Kwawoman Rural Bank Limited and its Impact on the Communities it Operates. European Journal of Business and Innovation Research. 2(4). pp.36-47.
  • Omar, A.T., Leach, D. and March, J., 2014. Collaboration between nonprofit and business sectors: A framework to guide strategy development for nonprofit organizations. VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations. 25(3). pp.657-678.
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