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Impact and Influence of the Macro Environment


  • Unit No: 32
  • Level: Undergraduate/College
  • Pages: 23 / Words 5699
  • Paper Type: Assignment
  • Course Code: K/508/0574
  • Downloads: 754
Question :

This sample will let you know about: 

  • Discuss about the different factors of macro environmentmention.
  • Discuss about SWOT Analysis of Tesco.
  • Discuss about the Five Forces model of business.
Answer :
Organization Selected : Tesco PLC


Business strategy is working plan of an organisation for attaining objectives, vision, compete in successful manner and also optimize the financial performance with model of business. Strategy is helpful in achieving the long term aims and objectives to achieve the competitive advantage. It is a responsibility of top management to develop effective business strategies which help in increasing productivity as well growth of an organisation. Under this, business principles are difficult to create sound strategy (Ackermann and Audretsch, 2013). Through business strategy, firm sets out in order to accomplish its set objectives. It is helpful in the long term planning. This present business report is based on Tesco organisation. It is multinational general merchandise and grocery retailer in United Kingdom. It is one of third largest retailer in all over the world in terms of profit. This company was established in year 1919 and stores of this company is in seven different countries. In grocery market, it is a market leader in United Kingdom. In this given business report mentions about the appropriate frameworks and also analyse affect and influence of macro environment on firm. Internal capabilities and environment of an organisation using the proper framework will also be mentioned under this given assignment. In mention report discuss regarding Porter's Five Forces model to determine competitive forces.


P1 Impact and influence of the macro environment on Tesco

Macro environment refers to situation that exist in an economy as whole as comparison to specific region or industry. Under macro environment consists trends in inflation, monetary, spending, fiscal policy, Gross Domestic Product, employment and many others. These factors are not controllable through firm which affect on decision making, strategies as well as performance level in negative manner (Annabi and McGann, 2013). Under this environment include political, economic, social, technological, legal and environment. Macro environment under which firm operates impact its performance and also amount of impact based on which firm is dependent. In addition to this, macro environment can impact on customers directly, impact their willingness as well as ability to spend. The reactions of buyers to wide macro environment is monitored through economists as well as businesses as gauge for health of an economy. Before making any strategy, Tesco organisation analyse the macro environment. It is helpful in making business firm more successful. In macro environment includes impact which impact whole business economy.

PESTLE Model for macro environmental analysis of Tesco

The PESTLE analysis evaluate impact ofpolitical, economic, social, technological, legal and environment factors of business (Auzair, 2011). These are not controllable through companies directly. In context to this, each and every factor impact on operation and activities of firms. It is helpful to analyse unpredictable environment under which the Tesco Organisation operate its business through discuss all macro factors which impact on operations as well as performance level.

Different factors of macro environmentmention below:

Political factor- In this, retail organisation operate its business at international level. It consists legislation acts, tax rates, country stability in which firm operate its business, because of financial instability, several governments encourage all retailers in order to develop jobs for domestic population. For developing opportunities, Tesco company plays a necessary role to enhance demand for goods and also alter its workforce. Government of United Kingdom country adopt tax measure which impacted Tesco. In Year 2011, government of UK enhanced VAT rate from the 17.5% to 20% with an objective to enhance revenue of government through £13 billion.

Economic factor- An economy of UK showing positive signs in context to recovery from financial crisis. More economic rate was to be forecasted as well as GDP estimated to 2.7% that is higher than pre- crises peak (Azar, 2011). This factor is major part of concern for Tesco firm as they like more to profits, leverage costs, demand etc. it is necessary that organisation should be aware about any modifications in policies like for an instance alteration in tax and some of the other factors which impact on finance accessibility. In context to Tesco, it pays more attention to economic factor that directly affect on purchasing behaviour of consumers.

Social factors- Analysis of population of United Kingdom displays that there are almost retired individuals as comparison to children. An ageing people brings limitations to Tesco firm as old individuals to eat minimum. As comparison to young, old people are less like to go to supermarkets for shopping. On the other hand, because of many different social alterations, trends shows that in United Kingdom, consumers moved towards the one- stop and bulk shopping. So, Tesco organisation has enhanced number of the food- products provided for sale. Services and products demanded through customers is more impacted through attitudes and beliefs which affected through social conditioning.

Technological factors- An advancement and innovation in technology bought different new and better opportunities for Tesco company. For supply chain management, technology is very critical. In context to increase cost effectiveness as well as gain competitive benefits, retailers of Tesco organisation develops the better system of supply chain management (Bharadwaj and et. al., 2013). It provides better competitive benefits those are complex to imitate through rivals. There is a need to Tesco to attentive the technological advancement due to the many different opportunities for company.

Legal factors- There are large number of legislations which impact on Tesco because it conduct its business in many countries and also offer wide range of services and products. On performance level of Tesco, different government policies and legislations have direct affect. In addition to this, presence of powerful rivals with the well establish brand develop threat of an intense cost wars as well as needs for differentiation for goods.

Environmental factors- With an enhance pressure on organisations in order to address an environmental problems and also adopt different operations methods which can provide advantages to the society. Tesco is committed to minimising its carbon footprint through 50% by year 2020. This company works on minimising the wastage.

Ansoff's growth vector matrix

Strategic positioning refers to intended overall approaches as well as aims to condition. Most of the business managers will develop its strategic position and also take the valuable steps in order to interact with its staff members in better manner to achieve its set aims and objectives in an effective manner (Bucolo and Matthews, 2011). In this, Ansoff matrix is strategic planning related tools that gives better framework in context to help senior managers, marketers, executives to develop strategies for future development. Its main motive is to search better Tesco market position in order to other rivals at market place. This matrix is helpful in decide its goods along with the market development strategy.

Ansoff matrix for Tesco mention below:

Market penetration- Tesco organisation has an ability to keep its cost minimum in order to capture the large market share, in United Kingdom, cost leadership is effective competitive benefit for Tesco. It is able to increase its better cost leadership position as it is fast developing scale economies. This organisation perfected its long term development strategy depends on four different key parts.

Market development- A goal of Tesco firm to increase beyond its existing business environment supported with products, channel of distribution and some of the other strategies in order to attract large number of consumers for develop new market (Grover and Kohli, 2013). Producers of Tesco company are from UK because they know about demands ans requirement of market of United Kingdom. It is on of the effective strategy that Tesco firm adopt to provide its existing goods in new market.

Product development- Risk related to introduce new service and product in current market are uncountable. In context to Tesco, growth strategy on expansion of the non- food. This firm introduce some of the other services related to foods in current markers. In this stratify, different strategies like for an instance sales promotion, advertising and pricing are included.

Diversification- It refers to invest on the new markets through using new services or products, it is necessary for Tesco firm to understand about risk presence on this kind of process. Under this, use of an intensive Research and Development is essential.

M1 Macro environment to determine and inform strategic management decisions

Full scale condition influences on business from outside. In full scale condition, outside variables are incorporates and these are political, sparing, social, innovative, legitimate and social. These components can influence on the administration choice of organization. Key administration choices are useful in accomplishing long haul objectives of an association with in particular time frame (Sako, 2012). With respect to this, it is an obligation of supervisor of Tesco organization to decide every one of these variables and afterwards endeavour to deal with decreasing their effect in a successful way so organization can play out its tasks and in addition exercises adequately. From this, firm can take viable decisions for the association.Want to get Assignment Writing Service  Talk to our Experts !!!


P2 Internal environment and capabilities of Tesco

An internal environment of Tesco firm is composed of different components involving existing staff members, corporate culture and management which explains behaviours as well as attitude of staff members at work place. Some of the components impact company as whole but some other affect manager only. Leadership style and Philosophical manager directly affects workers. For developing effective business related strategy for firm at large market, it is difficult to understand this strategy through an organisation (Jocovic and et. al., 2014). This environment affect business from internally and manager can control all these factor in better manner. In context to this, it is a responsibility of company to analyse its internal environment before developing any strategy as well as policies in an effective manner. In this, events, factors, condition and entities with in firm that impact its choices as well as activities, specifically behaviours and attitudes of staff members. Factors which are regarded as a part of an internal environment involve leadership style, mission, organisational culture of firm.

Strategic capabilities- It is an ability of business in order to employ the competitive strategies which allow business to enhance as well as survive its value over the time period. Its main focus on assets, market position and resources of company to be able the better strategies in future. It is also an ability or capability to work towards developed vision on value adding some of the necessary components if firm and make plan for profit purpose that has right or proper balance among take benefit of short term effective opportunities and also long time period actions in context to attaining sustainability of business (Kalyani and Sahoo, 2011). It should be able for Tesco to get some means of classifying stakeholders. In addition to this, business should be developing consumer markets for progress and sponsor development of firm.

VRIO analysis- It is an analytical techniques for an examination of necessary resources of firm to get competitive benefit. It is complement to PESTLE analysis. It is used to be assess condition inside firm and its relevant resources. In order to analyse as well as perform strategic capabilities of Tesco, there is a need to execute VRIO model that aid in identify strengths and weaknesses of firm in a better and effective manner. This model states that rivals of Tesco company have its temporary competitive edge. VRIO model mention below as above:

Valuable- Under this, resources are valuable for company and helpful in enhancing perceive value of consumers. It can be done through enhancing differentiation and also reduce cost of specific services and goods in an effective manner (Klettner, Clarke and Boersma, 2014). If in case resources can not be meet at this situation then in this case it can be limitation. In addition to this , it is necessary to take review of valuable resources regularly due to the regularly modifications of external and internal situations which can make them less useful or valuable.

Rare- Under this, resources should be rare and only acquired through one or some organisation. If in case valuable resources are possessed through more players in retail sector, then there is capability to every player to exploit the resources in similar manner with the help of executing common strategy which can provide competitive benefit to the non- players. It is hand to search effective capabilities as well as resources which should be long lasting.

Imitability- Generally, resources are costly to be imitate if some other business firms which can not be imitate at minimum costs. It can be occur in two various methods like direct imitating resources and giving comparable services or goods. Company has rare, costly and valuable to imitate resources that can be helpful in attain the competitive benefit. It is complex and also rare in order to acquire resources assured complexity to be imitate. It is helpful in provide competitive advantage to firm.

Organisation- In this, organising company is to exploit capabilities or resources. There are some factors like for an instance compensation policies, formal reporting structure and management control systems of firm to decide organising of business (Johnson, 2016). It is necessary for Tesco firm to organise all these factors in a better or systematic manner. Through this, company can attain competitive benefit.

SWOT Analysis of Tesco

It refers to a framework that used to examine competitive position of firm through determining its strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats. It is foundational model that analyse what firm and also can not do. With the help of using SWOT Analysis, Tesco firm can analyse its internal environment.



  • Tesco is one of the leading retailer in all over world.
  • The format of its different stores appeal to the local as well as cultural requirements, helping it provide more personalised better experience of service (Porter, 2011).
  • This firm make improvement in use of technology about business operations, developing better cost strategies and increase good experience of consumers.
  • Tesco is regarded as most profitable and largest supermarket along with retail formats in all over world.
  • The size of this organisation is large and it has more facilities so Tesco firm can purchase in bulk and also benefiting from scale economies.
  • It faced its controversies share with organisations like for an instance Weatherford and Varco for violation some patents. In addition to this, legal costs of Tesco firm have enhanced for defend infringement claims.
  • Reduce morale of staff members.
  • Because of the single location, it has limited market penetration.
  • Minimum focus on particular markets due to enter all the markets at similar time (Scholes, 2015).



  • It has better opportunity to provide its products online without massing outlets.
  • There is opportunity to Tesco company that it can make alliance with some other brands in order to provide more products to attract large number of buyers at particular markets (Sumer and Bayraktar, 2012).
  • It can focus on the private level development.
  • It can increase many stores in order to access more buyers.
  • For various countries, Tesco firm can open its outlets with strategic alliance.
  • Maintain minimum operation cost and reduce cost at the time of recession.
  • Increase cost of raw materials from non- food as well as food will affect on over all profit margin.
  • Enhance competition in sector of retail.
  • Problem arise related to introduce of new ethics.
  • Risk in the gas and oil sector.

M2 Internal environment to assess strengths and weaknesses

Qualities is gainful for an association yet shortcomings isn't useful for business of organization. Notwithstanding Tesco association, supervisor of this firm lead SWOT examination to decide qualities and restrictions of business. In the event that the abilities of firm will be great then it will be considered as qualities of firm. It is basic that organization should make change in its authoritative structure, aptitudes and additionally abilities in a powerful and in addition legitimate way. The inside abilities of Tesco is powerful or alluring limited time methodologies from which individuals pulled in and purchase its administrations. Then again the staff individuals from this firm are extremely skilled and have great information, it is another inward ability (Rosemann and vom Brocke, 2015). An inside situation of Tesco firm is made out of various parts including existing staff individuals, corporate culture and administration which clarifies practices and in addition mentality of staff individuals at work put.


P3 Porter's Five Forces model

It refers to tools in order to measuring the competitiveness of business. It shows from economies of industrial firm to derive the different five forces that identify attractiveness as well as competitive intensity of retail sector in context to profitability. It is a necessary tool to understand about forces which give shape to competition with sector. It is helpful in adjust strategy that suit in competitive environment and also aids in make improvement in potential profit level. In addition to this, analysis of structure of retail industry should be undertaken to search effective or better competitive advantage sources (Tavitiyaman, Qu and Zhang, 2011). For analyse competitive Tesco environment, Porter's five forces has been used through an investigator mention below:

Threat of substitute services and goods- Tesco organisation provides wide range of services and products which are related to different categories such as gaming, technology, clothing, home appliances, home electrical, toddler and baby products, entertainment and many others. Products which are sold through this firm is more comprehensive. In market of grocery retail, threat of substitute is minimum for foods products and also medium to the high for non- food products. In context to retail market, substitute of main food retailers are less chain of the convenience stores, organic shops and also licenses. In addition to this, small department stores can develop more trouble for organisation is might be satisfy demands of consumers. Tesco organisation provide its services or products in many different markets at minimum cost.

Threat of entry of new entrants- In the food retail sector, threat of entry of the new rivals is minimum. It needs more capital investments in context to be more competitive and also develop better brand name. Main brand which are already capture food retail markets such as Asda, Tesco, Morrisons and Sainsbury. As in this sector, chances of entry of new rivals is low so there is not any requirement for Tesco not to worry to increase its market share as well as brand value (Williams and Figueiredo, 2011). There will be need to the new entrants to develop something exceptional better quality or minimum cost in order to develop their market value or growth. Fro m the local government, authorisation of gaining planning takes considerable resources along with the time in context to establish the new supermarket and consider barriers to the new entrants.

Bargaining power of suppliers- The negotiation power of suppliers is minimum. They incline towards most necessary as well as retail food and also fear of losing its commercial contracts with large size markets. In addition to this, position of the retailers as Asda, Tesco and also Sainsbury organisations become more stronger as well as positive negotiation to obtain low costs. Tesco company has large number of suppliers in United kingdom and other country. For supermarket chain, there is less switching cost. On the basis of conducted survey through Tesco firm, there are only 58% suppliers shows that they are satisfied from this company and happy to work with this. Tesco company is more struggling because of the more competition, suppliers might be edge on business. Suppliers are ready to retain towards this firm for long period of time.

Bargaining power of customers- Under this, bargaining power of purchasers is high. Because to an availability of the substitute and some of the other retail shop, consumers bargaining power is more (Ackermann and Audretsch, 2013). In addition to this, at market place there are large number of substitute products and services. Customers can compare the cost as well as quality and decide to purchase the better one. So, there is a need to firm to keep its cost of products reasonable or minimum in context to capture the main markets in different countries and United Kingdom. The consumers compare products of different country with the each other. In this, it has been suggested that buyers are attract towards minimum cost with an availability of the online retail shopping. Cost of goods and services are compared in an easy manner and chose better one (Annabi and McGann, 2013). Consumers are mostly attracted towards the minimum cost of goods and services, so Tesco requires to keep minimum its cost and make continuous changes in its pricing strategies. At market place, there are large number of competitors of Tesco firm, so it need to be reduce its cost of services and products in better manner.

For an example- If in Tesco, cost of Beans is more expensive, then consumers will be exertion their power and also move towards Sainsbury firm. In addition to this, Tesco firm involving some other supermarkets have disciplined approach related to the costs setting.

Threat of competitors- It is worried factor and in retail sector, there is more competition in retail sector. So, there is a need to Tesco firm to make some innovation in its existing services and products. Advertising expenditure among and also extent of goods or services differentiation are main factor affecting competitiveness of firms operating in the grocery or retail sector. In addition to this, there is no switching price for customers and also enhances competition intensity in sector. An intensity of competitors in retail sector is high (Grover and Kohli, 2013). So, regards this Tesco organisation faces more competition of rivals involving Sainsbury Morrison, ASDA, Waitrose etc. It is necessary for this organisation to focus on making its performance better so that it can compete with its strong competitors in a better and effective manner.Take Free Examples of Assignments Now!

M3 Strategies to improve competitive edge and market position

Devise is a shape as a main priority through the new mixes of thoughts and additionally standards. It is a duty of administration to make change in its focused edge with the goal that it can procure more benefit. Keeping in mind the end goal to improve showcase position of firm, administration of this organization creates inventive thoughts and apply in delivering new items. Five powers model of Porter is useful in giving upper hand to customers and increment development rate (Sebestova and Nowáková, 2013). There is no other technique other than Porter five forces demonstrate is just compelling procedure to increase market share aggressively. Tesco can implement different types of schemes that will enable them to capture market share in the longer run. The company is having various established competitors within the market, therefore right kind of strategies shall be framed by the company to attain competitive edge and keeping the same for a longer period of time.


P4 Theories, concepts and models, interpret and devise strategic planning

Bowman's Strategy Clock alludes to display which is utilized as a part of the advertising to assess focused position of an association as correlation with the opponents contributions. This model was created David Faulkner and Cliff Bowman as elaboration on Porter bland methodologies. IT is useful for business firms to give better plans to association to gather precise data on its market position in setting to its solid rivals. It is useful in investigating advertising model of Tesco firm. Some situation of Bowman's Strategy Clock say beneath:

Situation 1: Low cost and low included esteem It isn't aggressive position with Bowman Strategy Clock. Under this, administrations or products are not more separated and purchasers acknowledge little esteem and cost is least. It is portion specific alternative and for the most part association does not choose to contend under this sort of methodology. Minimal effort is aggressive technique which associations use to fight with its different providers (Azma and Mostafapour, 2012).

Situation 2: Minimal effort Under this position, firms fabricates merchandise in huge amounts and these will be profitable. Notwithstanding Tesco organization, products are sold at least cost which prompt be decrease overall revenues on merchandise. In this high yield esteem can procure more benefits. At the point when Tesco association will work its business in this system then its net revenue will be low so there is a prerequisite to this firm to expand deals in a viable way.

Situation 3 Hybrid: This sort of position incorporates those business firms which utilization the item separation. In this those organizations which are fascinating in giving administrations or products to purchasers at least cost yet in addition furnish administrations with more saw an incentive as correlation with its rivals which gives merchandise at least cost. It is vital for Tesco firm to centre around giving products craftsmanship least cost (Van Grembergen ed., 2012).

Situation 4 Differentiation: Tesco association utilizing this sort of separation methodology to give better nature of products by and large cost. Under this, an association builds up those kinds of merchandise which give improve characteristics and build up some incentive to buyers. At the point when firm outlines and additionally fabricates merchandise then it is fundamental that they can contend with its solid rivals.

Situation 5 Centred Differentiation: Under this, firm gives more apparent merchandise against the high expenses. This isn't basic that merchandise have genuine esteem yet esteem discernment however customers are sufficient to charge more premiums (DaSilva and Trkman, 2014).

Situation 6 Risky High margins: Organizations which utilize this position they charge more expenses for products. In this, organizations takes risk and furthermore upgrade their cost without amplify esteem side of condition. On the off chance that expanded cost is acknowledged through buyers at that point benefit level of firm will be improved.

Situation 7 Monopoly Pricing: Under this, where there is market of syndication, there is single business which giving products. There is no compelling reason to persuaded to these business that what they sees in item. In the greater part of the nations, syndication is directed in setting to keep associations from improving expense essentially (Kurapatskie and Darnall, 2013).

Situation 8 Loss of Market Share: It isn't alluring position for any association. Any firm utilize this methodology will doubtlessly lose its piece of the overall industry. On the off chance that there is low an incentive for an association then it is just a path for firm to offer its products on correct rate.

All these situation of Bowman's methodology check demonstrate are useful in assessing the vital bearing to an association. With respect to this there are two unique alternatives accessible to Tesco and these are expansion of business in to the new markets and other is new item improvement for current markets. New merchandise and in addition administrations are useful in pulling in vast number of shoppers towards firm and hold at commercial centre for extensive stretch of time. Then again in expansion, Tesco can build up its new market and with the assistance of this piece of the pie of Tesco will be improved in a successful or better way (Jeston, 2014).

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M4 Strategic management plan

It alludes to archive which firm use to collaborate with a business firm to accomplish points of firm, centre vitality, set needs, fortify activities, arrange the assets and guarantee that staff individuals and also different partners are working towards points of firm. The best administration of Tesco business firm build up a powerful arrangement in precise way so all staff individuals can accomplish objectives of firm with specifically day and age. Key administration design has substantial and in addition strategic key goals and needs. Vital administration is extensive social event of progressing forms and exercises which a business firm use to adjust and furthermore facilitate assets in a methodical way. Execution is a method which turns designs and additionally methodologies in to an activities in setting to accomplish key objectives in a powerful way (Zott, and Amit, 2013). The execution of key arrangement is important for accomplishment of each firm.

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It has been concluded from the above given method that business strategy is helpful in achieving long term aims and objectives of firm in an efficient and effective manner. It is a responsibility of manager to guide its team members to guide its staff members so that they can focus on attaining set objectives and goals with in specific period of time. Before developing better policies and strategies, Tesco company analyse internal and also external environment. In this mention report studied about the influence and also affect of macro environment on Tesco as well as its better strategies. Range of concepts, models and theories, devise and interpret strategic planning for Tesco has been studied under this assignment.


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