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All about Driscoll Reflective Model

How Does Driscoll Reflective Model Work for Nursing Students?

26 Oct 2022

9 minutes


"It is never too late to be what you might have been." - George Eliot

Brilliant scholars have always maintained that an individual's development and the evolution of their surrounding is subjective. So it is because they can choose not to grow with the changes in their environment. Nevertheless, every advancement needs a reflection within the circumstances, discipline, or profession. In similar circumstances, the Driscoll reflective model comes into play.

What Is the Driscoll Reflective Model?

Among the list of top nursing dissertation topics is the reflective model. A structured framework of reflection enables a free flow of the process. This model allows individual progress and entity development. According to a paper published byAdeani et al. (2020), three basic questions are the foundation pillar of this reflection model. The said questions are; WHAT, SO WHAT, and NOW WHAT? The Driscoll model relates these three inquisitive phrases to stages of learning. These trigger curiosity while gaining knowledge.

Firstly, many scholars have the same thought when they hear about the Driscoll Model 1994. What is it? John Driscoll created the Driscoll model of reflection in 1994, 2004, and 2007. While creating this learning framework, he worked on the stem question that Terry Boston asked in 1970. It is how WHAT, SO WHAT, and NOW WHAT relate to the learning experience cycle. These have trigger questions added for completion of the reflection round.


It is the first stage of Driscoll reflective model. As the word suggests, it talks all about being inquisitive in general. Here in this stage, WHAT plays an important role in describing the experience, if what is happening counts as good/bad, involvement of individuals, or more, to sum it up, the first phase describes the occurrence for assessing the same.


The second stage is related to the reaction to the experience. This phase describes the feelings of the involved personnel, reflection following those feelings, conflicts, influencing factors and more. This second step interprets and evaluates the descriptions of the first phase of the question.


The third phase discusses the learning outcomes of the experience. The elaboration will be, what went wrong, how to prevent a negative reaction, and ways to better prepare and focus on the present scenario. This stage describes the changes that are given the most emphasis. Interpretation will be the skill acquired that must be interdisciplinary and applicable to education for the future.

Why Is Driscoll a Good Reflective Model in Nursing?

John Driscoll Reflective Model is one of the simplest but not so commonly cited. Despite having several advantages, it is not the first choice of students. The model is a three-stage easy process that is very effortless to remember and use frequently.

Nursing students encounter reflective practice at first when in the university. At the same time, studying a patient's case or other elective experiences. But, what students do not realise is that they practice reflection all their life, not as a development model but as a way of living. Most think and rethink their experiences, avoid the ones that lead to mishappenings and repeat the successful ones. Just like the hot milk saucer and cat story. In nursing, reflecting on the experience and applying practical knowledge to the field helps all learners. As one progresses through nursing, one must further show their ability to reflection, and the Driscoll Reflective Model comes in handy.

Why Is Reflection Important in Nursing?

However, regardless of the importance of reflection in the nursing student's life, it is callous to treat it as a waste of time. It is not a trick to pass tests or learn the entire course overnight. The Driscoll reflective model reference is used by those who wish to excel in their nursing career and be the best self. It is more than the bookish knowledge students try to memorise. It helps in gaining a skill that is beneficial for self-learning, becoming motivated professionals and providing optimum care.

What Are the 3 Models of Reflection?

Besides Driscoll reflective model example, other frameworks are probably even more popular. Reflective journal worldwide have accommodated the same for a long time to inform students of their existence. The outlines of two more well-known models are given below for better understanding. There are many common themes in these models. Each takes a slightly different approach but covers similar phases.

The main difference in these other models from Driscoll's is the number of steps included. Every creator, just like an artist, makes a different framework. Some are more in-depth than others. Driscoll reflective model example, or the other two, draw-in different people depending on their preferences.

Kolb's Experiential Learning Cycle

  • Concrete Experience
  • Reflective Observation
  • Abstract Conceptualisation
  • Active Experimentation

This model talks about the experience repeated or happening for the first time. The next phase involves reflecting on the said event and observing the points that were overlooked before. It is how new ideas develop, which could be the result of the experience too. The last phase is the application of those new ideas to other or distinct situations. The model demonstrates learning as being the result of direct experience and reflective practice.

ERA Cycle

  • Experience
  • Reflection
  • Action

In this model, the description is around beginning with experience, new or repeating. The said event could be positive or negative and related to work. However, once post-experience, one will surely begin to reflect on the same to comprehend what happened. It allows the experience holder to think through the event and examine the feelings about happenings around them before deciding the next step. Further, taking the next step is action based on the said experience. The reaction to the event can be different based on the individual and will again form experience. Thus the cycle continues.

The Driscoll reflective model example and other frameworks have proven important to nursing students. After that, however, it becomes trying to pen down all these and create the best assignments that encourage high grades. A student can never ignore the significance of academic tasks, no matter how much trouble it feels. For the same reason, top assignment help UK services are available to nursing scholars. We make your life easy and allow you enough time to reflect upon your experience.

Besides providing the best instant assignment help, we also offer the #1 FREE Grammar Checker Tool for scholars' writing tasks. It is evident to submit every academic work on time, but it is also very significant to do it with correct grammar. A hasty content is as bad as a late document. Make sure to use these premium tools that are available to free while doing your Driscoll reflective model assignments. You may ask for expert help around the clock. We aim to be always available to answer your queries and even offer last min assignment help!

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