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In the present scenario, various debates have taken place based on both; religion as well as secularism in the British Public Sphere. These debates are being done with increasing frequency as well as sometimes, with vehemence. The place of religion in society differs from nation to nation like among Muslim and western countries. One of the major issues in today’s era is to decide the way in which all systems of religious authority will make and maintain their relationship with the rest of civil society (Wilson & Bruce, 2016).
From the interview taken from a community leader who is running a religious organisation, discussion done on different issues will be shown in the essay. The community leader of a religious organisation chosen is father of Christ the King Catholic Church that is situated in 3 Cantrell Street, Yagoona – Bass Hill, NSW, 2199, Sydney, Australia. The Parish Priest over here is Fr. Dinesh Macwan. Currently, Fr. Dinesh Macwan who is running a spiritual organisation, that is, Christ the King Catholic Church is facing issue with regard to live and behave being devout in the societies that are secular.
It will be discussed in detail as well as the difficulty which he finds to effectually deal with the perceptions of him or his faith in society would also be studied. Apart from that, there is one more issue with which Fr. Dinesh Macwan is going through like the way in which he needs to respond towards changing social and political conditions in Australia which will be highlighted here in detail.
It can be said that religious organization is the complex of institutionalized roles and procedures that prove to be highly influential for regulating the relations of men with the supernatural order. But, it can be said that such an order may be considered. Under the same, regulation of religious practice can be involved along with promulgation of true and suppression of false.
In addition to this, policies and procedures for hiring and educating people along with professional social work of religious specialists are also there (Religious Organization, 2016). Apart from that, territorial and temporal coordination as well as the control of religious places, periods and premises are some of the factors included in the establishment of this control in addition with equipment and such property and temporalities.
When Fr. Dinesh Macwan who is running the primary school of Christ the King Catholic Church in Bass Hill, Sydney, Australia is interviewed who follows Christianity, it has been assessed that he has the responsibility to spread his religion but in a secular society like in Muslim country where Islam is being followed, he faces the major issue of being religious. As in this case, there are always some tension and potential conflicts exist in between the political and religious authority.
However, sometimes, these tensions prove to be beneficial as each party here challenges to become better in comparison to what they are in the current scenario. However, most of the times, they prove to be very dangerous as when one corrupts the other and make it worse, it leads to create violence. In this case, it has been assessed from the interview that Fr. Dinesh Macwan who works in Christ the King Catholic Church faces issues by the side of political science authorities who follow Islam as he desires to have monopoly but gets feared to be seeking a control of some vital aspect of civil society.
As the community leader does not have any kind of control or direct authority over political situations, this is the reason he needs to involve many indirect efforts by which Christianity can be spread (Nynas, Lassander & Utriainen, 2012).
Despite the wealth of religious scholarship, many studies have been conducted on the religious organisation with which the way community leader manages being religious in secular society can be determined. In order to gain detailed knowledge about the same, sociological analysis proves to be highly helpful.
As per Fr. Dinesh Macwan who works in Christ the King Catholic Church, interview done with him reflected that its organizational theory is having a very little relevance to non-Western religions like Islam as developed in sociology this is the reason to make people understand the working culture who are from Muslim countries is very difficult (Rosenak, 2011). In Western Christianity and Judaism, these are the religious roles and procedures that play a crucial role in constituting the articulated structures in line with rise in the self-consciousness of people with respect to bureaucratic models.
However, Fr. Dinesh Macwan who works in Christ the King Catholic Church believes that even in the West, the level or limit of this approximation is not so high because of the inherent nature of religious pursuit. As per the father of Christ the King Catholic Church, dominant organizational mode of Western society patterns can be categorised in accordance with affective neutrality, performance expectations, role specificity, even universalism as well as self-orientation (La Cour & Hvidt, 2010). According to him, they all are in greater or lesser degree and highly related with the religious organisation, roles played by it along with relationships and values that it maintain with the community.
It can be critically analysed in the words of Max Weber who has made a comparative historical analysis which although not specifically concerned with organization as such but gave in-depth detail about the way in which religious organisations following western culture get affected through secular society, that is, Islam. Apart from that, there are many more typological studies conducted by Joachim Wach that remain the outstanding works in this field. Fr. Dinesh Macwan who is running primary school named Christ the King Catholic Church said in the interview that in non-Western societies like Muslim countries (example: Pakistan), spiritual activities are considered as one of the most important and an intimate part of the life of local community (Smith, 2015).
Apart from that, these usually lack an independent as well as the articulated organizational structure. However, he believes that the association between communal activities and regional religious centres is always strong is not essential. It is because; it has been witnessed from the interview that within the community, local religious agents always operate like Fr. Dinesh Macwan in Christ the King Catholic Church and responsibilities performed by him do not extend beyond the same.
Last but not the least; it can be critically assessed that family, kinship, tribal, local as well as national cults play a vital role in representing a high degree of convergence of political and religious institutions (Gregory, 2012). However, it can be said that such cults were found at a large scale in ancient civilizations.
In the similar way as that of issue of establishment, the general issue in which it is decided that whether people should be allowed to decide for themselves regarding adoption of a particular religion of not. In the present scenario, in interview, it has been seen that Fr. Dinesh Macwan who works in Christ the King Catholic Church has seen that religion has not given with much attention because of the reason of wide consensus on the right of all people to liberty of integrity or morality.
However, it can be critically assessed that despite of this agreement on liberty of belief, there are many challenging questions that Fr. Dinesh Macwan has to face regarding toleration and accommodation with respect to religious practice (Dillon, 2010). According to Fr. Dinesh Macwan who works in Christ the King Catholic Church, these questions are highly difficult as they involve multiple ideals that lead him to different directions. Some of these questions are related with the actions inspired by religion due to which they are obviously or typically unjust.
In accordance with the interview, the major issue or negative perception that Fr. Dinesh Macwan has regarding non-western country that follow religion of Islam is to decide the religion to which society should respond (Casanova, 2011). However, in reality, no one seriously defends the right to repress other people.
One more negative perception of Fr. Dinesh Macwan who works in Christ the King Catholic Church is that from secular society or from the religion of Islam, he has fear that is an exaggerated, usually inexplicable and illogical terror. However, the course of fear is not sure and may be hard for the afflicted to sufficiently determine or communicate the source but, still, it is there in him which is not allowing Fr. Dinesh Macwan to come in favour of Islam religion and influence people for the same as well.
As per the recent scenario, it can be said that a specific phobia has gripped the Western societies that is known as Islamophobia and so as in case of community leader (Asad and et.al., 2013). It has been revealed from the interview that faith of Fr. Dinesh Macwan in society and negative perception regarding Islam is very high.
In the British nation where Christianity is followed, Fr. Dinesh Macwan who works in Christ the King Catholic Church is having high faith. However, with respect to the Islam religion, Fr. Dinesh Macwan is having an exaggerated fear, hatred as well as hostility towards Islam and Muslims. He says that because of this reason; many-a-times, unethical acts are done with Muslims like making biasness and discrimination with them as a result of negative stereotypes that also leads to marginalization and exclusion of Muslims from social, political and civic life (Tranter, 2011).
It can be said that people should keep their religious beliefs private as if they are not, it may lead to create various issues and thus, peace in the economy can get disturbed. Also, it can be inferred that in reality, Catholics are by far the largest religious group in the EU but they are highly getting affected by the religion of Islam as well. As per Fr. Dinesh Macwan who is running Christ the King Catholic Church, it has been seen in the interview with him that because of the negative perception of him, he conducts spiritual discrimination according to which he behaves in a biased way with those that follow Islam (Garnaut, 2011).
However, being the community leader of religious organisation that is based on Christianity, those who follow the same religion are the people for whom Fr. Dinesh Macwan is in favour. Therefore, it can be said that he is making unethical practice in the organisation due to his negative perceptions as well as faith in the society to which he belongs.
It can be critically analysed from the information gained from interview that community leader, that is, Fr. Dinesh Macwan who is running Christ the King Catholic Church should keep his religious beliefs to be private as it is a part of his identity and he cannot ask an individual to be the person without having this individuality. In simple terms, it can be said that; as Fr. Dinesh Macwan follows Christianity, he cannot force a person following Islam to be the Muslim at home but not in western societies.
Thus, it can be said that the government should make strict provisions so that societies can live in peace where all citizens belonging to different religions can live together without feeling biased or discriminated (Vertovec, 2010). Also, it is the responsibility of community leader to spread peace in the nation and change his perception towards those who follow religion of Islam and treat them in an equal manner as that of those who are following Christianity. Further, it can be said that for Fr. Dinesh Macwan, it is good to have faith in society but to have negative perception about regarding Islam is bad as due to same, many problems may arise in between the people if they would feel discriminated.
In accordance with the changing social and political conditions in Australia, it is having direct impact on other nations to a high extent. In this nation, there has been the need of social change as the society over there is perfect as there were a lot of issues that ethnic minorities, people with disabilities, gays and lesbians, discrimination occurs against women, people living in poverty, etc. Therefore, government of Australia decided to bring some changes with respect to social and political conditions so as to make the economy stable and developed (Moser & Ekstrom, 2010).
This is the reason there has been emergence of conventional politics under social and political change according to which in terms of collective exercise of power, things can be done in a usual way. Another approach that nation adopted under social change is violence, that is, in the uncontrollable situations, with the help of military force, another country that is making nuisance will be threatened as well as attacked in war as well as taking the control of government over there (Wilson & Bruce, 2016).
Last but not the least; two approach to social change are also there in Australia, that is, non-violence according to which actions that are not violent are taken which are not conventional politics as well as boundaries as per which limits are created in between the conventional politics however, violence and non-violence are not defined here as these restrictions heavily rely on the circumstances.
Therefore, in similar to the same, in the interview, Fr. Dinesh Macwan who works in Christ the King Catholic Church said in the interview that changes in social and political conditions in Australia played a significant role in changing the perception of him and other people as well who are contributing their efforts in the spiritual associations.
As per these changes, perception of the community leaders changed to a high extent as earlier, they were making biasness as well as discrimination with the people belonging to the religion of Islam but now, they are not doing so. At present, all community leaders understood the importance of going in line with all laws and legislation imposed by the government of Australia that is applicable on other British nations too that if they would not follow the same, heavy penalty may have to be given by them (Norris & Inglehart, 2011).
In addition to this, now, in schools or hospitals as well, there is no discrimination made with the students and patients. Therefore, it can be critically assessed that now, to a high extent, issue of making biasness with people following the religion of Islam has been solved as most of the religious organisations are now running with the same.
Fr. Dinesh Macwan who is running the primary school named Christ the King Catholic Church accepts that there is a lot of improvement in his views, opinions and perception too according to which now, he takes all individuals to be at the same level and treat all of them in an equal manner which making any kind of discrimination (Nynas, Lassander & Utriainen, 2012).
It can be articulated from the essay above that Fr. Dinesh Macwan who is running the primary school named Christ the King Catholic Church is going through some issues in which the major one is like managing the secular society being religious. It is because; he is in religious firm which is in favour of Christianity, he generally makes biasness with those who follow Islam religion.
For the same, it is important for Fr. Dinesh Macwan to manage the secular society in a way that no would get biased. Also, it has been assessed that the community leader faces problem in relation with treating the people in secular society due to having negative perception as well as faith in society. It can be said for this issue that Fr. Dinesh Macwan should try to not having negative perception as it may lead to create severe issues for him by the side of government as well as it will hurt the feelings, beliefs as well as values of people.
At last, it has been evaluated in the essay based on interview taken from Fr. Dinesh Macwan who is running the primary school named Christ the King Catholic Church that due to changing social and political conditions in Australia, he is required to adopt the changes in his practices as well so as to go in line with the laws and legislation imposed by the Australian government in all British nations. It will help in maintaining peace in the country by which stability and development in the economy can be promoted.
Number of pages: 1
Writer's Qualifications: Ph.D.
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