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Community Development

Role of Community Development

Introduction to Third sector organization

Third sector organization is one that is being utilized towards describing the range of the firms that are neither public sector not private sector. This is comprised of voluntary and community business, social enterprises, mutual as well as co-operatives. The third sector are independent of the government. This is considered essential part of the history as well as culture of the sector. In the present essay detail discussion has been made in relation with third sector. This includes key characteristics, values of Third sector and its uniqueness. Further it explores community development theory (Aiken and Bode, 2009). Along with this it demonstrates the idea about what is threatening the values of particular sector. Moreover it is comprised of threat which values of the particular have as well as present health of sector.

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Organization within this sector share common characteristics of being non government firm that is being driven by their values. Further they are reinvesting any financial surprises to further environmental or cultural targets. This is comprised of voluntary as well as community business, charities, social enterprises, cooperatives as well as mutual both large and small. Third  is regarded as voluntary or non profit sector of the economy (Billis, 2010). This is considered as an intermediary space among the firm as well as government in which private energy can be deployed for the interest of public. This is also be referred to as tertiary sector.

Voluntary organization is being considered as the distinctive one in terms that it is perceived as trustworthy. Along with the individual engaged in establishment of the voluntary sector activities possess values that are distinctive ones. Further the voluntary business possess distinctive governance as well as stakeholder arrangements. The existence of larger non profit sector is certain times regarded as the indicator of the healthy economy within the local as well as financial measurements (Alcock, 2012). With the growth of non profit business the emphasis on the social services, the environment, education as well as other non met requirement across the society, is becoming central. In addition to this this has increased emphasis towards the health and well being of the community. Non profit sector is effective in offering an effective outlet for wide range of society's labour as well as skills.

Community development theories is considered as the most practical framework related with social workers that last changes for the person as well as communities and societies wherein one resides. It lays emphasis on centrality of the oppressed individual within the procedure of resolving the imposed social issue. At certain point of time community development is confused with the program that are community based, community research as well as other forms of community interventions. The most important feature that is distinguishing community development from other community work is its values as well as principles. This is comprised of social justice as well as equity. Community development theories is considered as the most practical framework related with social workers that seeks at lasting the change for the person as well as communities and societies wherein they reside.

Third sector organization devotes themselves wither to a specific issue that is required to be solved or a specific group of society who needs support or representation. They offer services which relates with some issues. Some business can work upon greater range of issues but follow a specific philosophical as well as political filter (Carvalho, 2010). The focus can be over national, local as well as global. Third sector group makes efforts towards attaining by the means of wider range of actions. This is comprised of fundraising, offering services or granting other kind of direct support as well as advice to the groups they assist, are regarding immediate actions. On the other hand third sector business wants direct help with longer term or system changes that includes changes that are associated with local, national  or international policies. They seeks at bringing alterations within the changes in policies within varied different manner, all that potential opportunities for academic collaboration or input. The uniqueness that is attached with third sector is that it is effective in conducting out commissioning investigation (Carmel and Harlock, 2008). Several third sector business makes employment of their own researcher or commission or academic investigator in order to conduct research into several subject which influence the groups as well as problems in which they are dealing. Along with this they are aiming to widely read the existing as well as emerging academics in the relevance field.

Third sector possess another another distinctness which is attached with public campaigns. The third sector firm are involved in increasing the awareness among the public and shapes the perception among the public in relation to specific issue (Defourny and Develtere, 2009). Such campaigns aims at general public or they are being targeted at some group or sectors. This has impact on the media strategies and the kind of platform which is being selected. Third sector firm desires these firms to be credible as well as authoritative as possible. Thus it is another area wherein academic investigation with the real value (Cavanagh, Seccombe and Lidbetter, 2011).

This is being predicted that the third sector can become the predominant sector within the society as the knowledge class overcome the influences of the private sector. The third sector possess the feature that is related with value driven. This implies that they are being motivated with the desire to attain the social targets instead of desire at making distribution of the profitability. The voluntary organization makes reinvestment of any kind surpluses that are being generated within pursuit of their targets.

Non- profit organisation is mainly a charitable firm so that it is fully depends on charities, contributions, so that non profits need to avoid the perception of impropriety. There are various kinds of threats like  raising funds and increasing income is one of the biggest challenges for the sector. There are some small charities which are not able to keep up their activities because of lack of fund. Demonstrating impact also affect the activity of the organisation that in which areas that firm can accomplishes their functional activity (Lewis, 2008). The another threat is the lack of public awareness because public know very little about how modern charities work. It is also a big threat to identify the areas where  can charities do the best job in delivering public services. In addition to this, there are major three threats that finding the money to accomplishing the organisation's mission, building public trust and use the strategic planning in the functional activity is also major threat of an organisation (Harris, 2010). Organisation also face the external threats like use of techniques, cultural factor, government policy and legal requirement of the organisation, economic factors like GDP, inflation etc. make a great impact on the organisational operational activity. There is presence of wide range of challenges that are being faced by third sector. This is comprised of growth in income. Increase Community Development theory in the funds as well as raising the funds is regarded as the major challenges for the third sector on whole. There is hardly any presence of firm that does not require to increase its income. It cannot do more in case it does not possess greater amount of money. There is presence of three manner in which the firm can increase huge funds. The major challenge in raising the funds is towards making development of income streams that must not suffer from the fallacy of compositions as development economists call it. Such is considered as the solution which works for one business but is no good in case everyone performs similar kind of things.

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Another major challenge reflects the areas wherein the charities can do best job in making delivery of the public services (Pestoff and Brandsen, 2010). It has been examined that public services delivered by the charities is mix of ideology. The fact is that one who are advocating greater public service delivery and the one who are arguing against it that rarely is holding evidence which is based on the policies. Charities plays major role in making delivery of public services but not all public services. It is important to possess suitable understanding of where the ethos related with charity as well as structure can made delivery of the better value in comparison with the commercial or the ethos related with public sector.

The threats that are attached with voluntary sector includes independence, development of community, absence of funding, policy of the government, requirement of audit, loss of distinctiveness as well as increase in demand.

Next in the series is another challenge that is being faced by the third sector. This is related with how and when do the investment infrastructure makes difference. There has been major investment being made by the government and lottery bodies towards making development in infrastructure for charities, social enterprises, community business as well as sports clubs (Phillips and Smith, 2011). One of the major  difficulty is that the bodies who are acquiring funds are the last ones who are sharing the information which can have influence, unless it reflects what they are desire at showing.

The success of the social firm is dependent on the timing. The third sector is being considered as the trusted partner as a reason of its independence in relation with the purpose, voice as well as action. The third sector is valuing its independence from the influence in demonstrating the requirement of users of services. An independent third sector is regarded as the voice of the vulnerable within the society making sure that views are being included into the democratic course. It has been determined the independence of the third sector is under major threat. Such is due to the reason associated with tough tendering procedure that are principle mechanism through which third sector competes for the sake of making delivery of public services (Zappalà and Lyons, 2009). In order to survive certain third sector business needs to make adoption towards delivering services which are not core one to the function. However they enables them in competing for the accessing greater range of arrangements related with funding. The sector not passive in face of such threats. The business seeks towards diversifying funds streams in order to become lesser reliant over the state. They are making revaluation of their values as well as purpose of the sake of making sure that services they offer and tenders submitted by them aligns with the charitable principles.

The concept of community development seeks to cultivate shared vision as well as builds trust. It is considered as the collective practice, in case there is no shared vision then it is not being considered as community. There is presence of varied estimated regarding the size, income and activities of the firms within voluntary sector. In UK this is being estimated that voluntary sector makes the contribution of £11.7 billion to the UK gross value added that is equivalent to 0.8% of the whole of the UK GVA. The sector possess spending power that to a greater extent is with larger and major voluntary organizations (NCVO, 2017). Over three quarters the total present expenses  £28.2 billion that is being spent by the largest 4803 firms. The Wellcome trust is having the expenditure of  £728.1 million that is largest voluntary firm in terms of expenditure. Though there is greater threat to the sector but still there is increase in demand for this sector so that aims of the community development can be attained in an effective manner.

Conclusion

It can be concluded from the present essay writing that organization within third sector share common characteristics of being non government firm that is being driven by their values. Along with this it possess the feature related with reinvesting any financial surprises to further environmental or cultural targets. This is comprised of voluntary as well as community business, charities, social enterprises, cooperatives as well as mutual both large and small. Third  is regarded as voluntary or non profit sector of the economy. It has been inferred that there is presence of wide range of challenges that are being faced by third sector. This is comprised of growth in income.

REFERENCES

  • Aiken, M. and Bode, I., 2009. Killing the Golden Goose? Third Sector Organizations and Back‐to‐Work Programmes in Germany and the UK. Social Policy & Administration. 43(3). pp.209-225.
  • Alcock, P., 2012. New policy spaces: the impact of devolution on third sector policy in the UK. Social Policy & Administration. 46(2). pp.219-238.
  • Billis, D. ed., 2010. Hybrid organizations and the third sector: Challenges for practice, theory and policy. Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Carmel, E. and Harlock, J., 2008. Instituting the'third sector'as a governable terrain: partnership, procurement and performance in the UK. Policy & Politics. 36(2). pp.155-171.
  • Carvalho, A., 2010. Quantifying the third sector in Portugal: An overview and evolution from 1997 to 2007. Voluntas: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations. 21(4). pp.588-610.
  • Cavanagh, K., Seccombe, N. and Lidbetter, N., 2011. The implementation of computerized cognitive behavioural therapies in a service user-led, third sector self help clinic. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy. 39(04). pp.427-442.
  • Defourny, J. and Develtere, P., 2009. The social economy: the worldwide making of a third sector. The worldwide making of the social economy. Innovations and changes. pp.15-40.
  • Harris, M., 2010. Third sector organizations in a contradictory policy environment. Hybrid Organizations and the Third Sector, Basingstoke. Palgrave. pp.25-45.
 
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