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Comparative Essay

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The book by George Orwell is '1984' and the film is by Fritz Lang called METROPOLISa. This both texts are intertextually connected and shared perspectively. It can be clearly proof through their theme, characterisation, and ideas which is represented in film and novel. Therefore, George overall quotation has supported the empowerment of women and societies.

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Fritz Lang post WW1 German expressionist film metropolis (1972) , in this Film Lang investigate the societal revolution through a equalization of societal classes which is derived from the prevalence of Christianity and from the instability of the Weimar Republic. On the other hand, George Orwell,s Post WW2 statical novel critical review ideology authorities, 1948, advocates mass physical rebellion validating how changes in context can bring paradigm shifts of issues central to humanity interestingly, Orwell's technology booming context makes the dictatorial use of technology an integral concern compared with Lang's work which focuses on the way the mistreatment of technology unconsciously acts as social weapon intention to make sure conformity. In metropolis technology act as medium of social conformity while in doing so Langs warns against a production minded society which is made of drones rather than free thinking.“If you want a picture of the future, imagine a boot stamping on a human face”

In both 1984 novel and film metropolis texts are written in context of political turmoil and instability. In both context is reflected by ideas and values. Moreover, In Metropolis Weimar republic in Germany concern economic instability, class division, industrialisation and technology, eduction for masses. On the other hand in 1984 novel UK in context of Europe Orwell's personal experiences of Spanish Civil war, Global power, rise of fascism and rewriting of history. “Doublethink means the power of holding two contradictory beliefs in one's mind simultaneously, and accepting both of them.” 

Metropolics Movie Scene

From the movie one of the scene analysed that there is some juxtaposition between the images. There are big cities above the ground and then it show dark factory underground which referred to depths. In the given scene where Maria is hooked up to machines in Rotwang's lab, it reflect the image of her evil robotic. While in one of the other scene in which Maria takes the children to freder's house. It put two opposite images side by side which show that one thing comes at the expense of the other.

In different shots it shows that action are similar to the machine, while these shot was chosen by Lang to illustrates the way machines are in control of the men, rather of the men controlling he machines controlling the men. As compare to this Goeroge Orwell quotes “But if thought corrupts language, language can also corrupt thought.” in which it want express that whatever we think it affect a way we speak and language use. Along with this it also affect eh thought of people who are surrounding us and can influence people to think a certain way.

Metropolics Movie Scene1

From the above scene it is analysed Maria stand with candles out in front of the crown and preaches about positive human values, further she also tells the story of the 'tower of Babel. Maria who is on of the character of Langs “Mediators”. It tell the audiences conflict between “The brain and the hands”. We see her as the peaceful leader of the worker struggle but as many religious figure the symbol of Maria (her body ) was transformed by those in power into something evil. It analysed that Maria want to preach the message of peace to people.

As compare to context of metropolis 1984 Quotes “War is peace freedom is slavery ignorance is strength” it is analyse in partly that “war is peace” because having a common enemy keeps the people of Oceania united. “Freedom is slavery” because , according to the party the man who is independent is doomed to fail. In this line man is subjected to the collective will is free from danger and want. “ Ignorance is strength” because the inability of the people to acknowledge this opposition cement the power of the authoritarians government


From the above report, it can be concluded that in 1984, Metropolis are Brilliant texts that restore society's conceptualization of possible dystopian futures. Both contexts comment on societal concerns which take place due to advancement in technology and for warning future generation that the decline in human ethics may take place at the price of humanity's lust for power. Further, it can be concluded that both Orwell and Lang, show different views on political, issues in the interest of humanity this both is conveyed by the text. On summing up it can be identified that Lang don't want a free country and want that people work according to political power while Orwell want to make country free from political power.


  • Graham, S., 2016. Vertical noir: Histories of the future in urban science fiction. City.
  • Georgiadou, Z., 2017. Cinema and architectural design education. artciencia. com.
  • Clemente-Fernández, M. D., 2017. Pesadillas distópicas en el cine de ciencia-ficción|| Dystopian Nightmares in the Science-Fiction Film Genre. Razón y Palabra.
  • Decker, M. T., 2016. Industrial Society and the Science Fiction Blockbuster: Social Critique in Films of Lucas, Scott and Cameron. McFarland.
  • A Comparison Between George Orwell's '1984' and Fritz Lang's 'Metropolis'. 2017.
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